Relativism and Morality - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In many societies, morality is a controversial issue as it varies across different cultures and communities. Morality refers to acceptable behavior in a specific society or context. Alternatively, moral minima go hand in hand with the concept of morality…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
Relativism and Morality
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Relativism and Morality"

Download file to see previous pages In many societies, morality is a controversial issue as it varies across different cultures and communities. Morality refers to acceptable behavior in a specific society or context. Alternatively, moral minima go hand in hand with the concept of morality. Civilization has changed the concept of moral minima as morality can be explained in numerous ways depending on an individual’s perspective. We make moral decisions in everyday of our lives. Some are of importance while others are not; some are morally right while others are simply wrong. In morality, some things are regarded as being simply wrong. For instance, some crimes including murder, rape and human rights abuse are viewed as being simply wrong and cannot be justified on any moral grounds (Mosser, 2010). This paper seeks to explore Lenn Goodman’s argument that ‘certain things that are simply wrong’. Lenn Goodman States That There Are Certain Things That Are Simply Wrong. Do You Think Goodman Is Right? In his argument, Goodman asserts that there are four acts that fall into the category of universally recognized wrongs that are unacceptable social minima (Mosser, 2010). These acts are considered to be morally wrong regardless of the social and cultural background. I agree with Goodman’s argument that genocide, terrorism, slavery and rape are simply wrong. In the contemporary society, issues of gun ownership have generated much controversy over the years. The main question is whether the government has the right to restrict it. Some individuals think that it is as long as it is allowed by law. Additionally, gun ownership in the US is very high. From the utilitarianism point of view, it is considered to be wrong as it jeopardize the security of the society at large (Mosser, 2010). According to relativism, people are allowed to hold guns if they deem it to be right and they do not use them to harm others. The debate over prayer in public schools has generated public attention over the years. It should be allowed and public schools for moral and legal reasons. This is because the constitution stipulates that there should be no interference on religion matters. Thereby, prohibiting prayer in public schools is morally wrong and unconstitutional (Mosser, 2010). Allowing prayer has numerous benefits such as, religious values are inculcated in the students at a tender age and students are able to learn valuable moral teachings. Conversely, the US is a highly diverse country in terms of religious beliefs (Mosser, 2010). Therefore, by allowing prayer in public schools, the rights of minority groups will be imposed. In addition to, prayer might be vague and meaningless to those who profess a different religious view point. The major responsibility of schools is to offer quality education therefore dedicating time to prayer is not in their mandate and it is seen as an inefficient use of time. The other issue is concerning women’s rights to vote. In the past, women were not allowed and this denied them a fundamental right (Mosser, 2010). They were represented by other male members in society. It can be observed that women’s right to vote is a step in the right direction in the quest for equality but does not represent equality in itself. Other issues that are subject to moral relativism are individual rights in the work place and the debate over pornography. These two subjects have generated heated debate over the years since they are subject to varying understanding in various settings (Mosser, 2010). It can be argued that adults are allowed to make their own choices if the state finds no grounds to restrict it. Challenges Goodman Presents To Relativism His suppositions have been challenge by several thinks attempting ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Relativism and Morality Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1481108-relativism-and-morality
(Relativism and Morality Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1481108-relativism-and-morality.
“Relativism and Morality Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1481108-relativism-and-morality.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Relativism and Morality

Relativism and Morality

...? Sociology January 23, In the critical appraisal of Matilal’s attempt to separate relativism from pluralism Goodman first questions whether ethos can exist outside a culture or community of language users which I thought was a good question to consider. As described by Aristotle ethos is our tendency towards trusting other individuals based on their similarity to us, their characteristics and the way they present themselves. While we would not exist in the same fashion certainly I think that people would actually be much more aware and perceptive of others moods and feelings without the huge amount of communication and language we have today which can sometimes make it more difficult to be perceptive enough of other...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Relativism and Morality

...? RELATIVISM AND MORALITY al affiliation Many things that are happening and had happened in the past around the world were simply wrong. The moral stance of some societies or governments take are not acceptable to other societies and governments and people as a whole .Morals vary from country to country from time to time and from society to society. Government heads who wrap themselves in a cloak of moral perfection and virtues perpetrate mass killings and atrocities as crusade to safeguard their societies. Things or acts which are accepted as moral by one culture may not be accepted as moral by others. In the past some...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Relativism and Morality

...?Relativism and Morality It is undeniable that morality is relative especially considering the much differences we have among the diverse societies in the world. What is considered morally right in one society might be immoral in another societal set up. However, there are moral issues that seem to encompass humankind irrespective of social, ethnic, religious, economic, or cultural set up. Goodman strongly argues that certain things are simply wrong and therefore, morality cannot be wholly relativistic. There appears to be a convergence at some point when some pertinent issues are considered. In this paper, I agree with Goodman that...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Relativism and Morality

...Lenn Goodman argues that there are certain things that are simply wrong. Do you think Goodman is right? Some things are just fundamentally wrong. This was the thesis of Lenn E. Goodman in the treatise “Some Moral Minima” which took a quite different turn in today’s age of subjectivity and moral relativism. It is laudable because the article stood that there are just some values and morals that does not change with time or does it depends on one’s interpretation which falls prey to the danger of convenience and laxity. The arguments asserted by Goodman were also sound and grounded on well thought reason and did not pontificate nor pretended any righteousness from any...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Relativism and Morality

...? Relativism and Morality Relativism and Morality The work ‘Some Moral Minima’ by Lenn E. Goodman shakes the very roots of relativism. As Mosser (2010) notes, relativism holds the basic view that there is no absolute truth, ethics, or principles. That means the validity of these things depends on the culture and context they originate. In sharp contrast to this view that the intelligentsia cherished for quite some time, Goodman (2010) claims that there are some basic ‘wrongs’ which are universally accepted as wrongs and are not bound by regional or cultural contexts. Though Goodman (2010) does not deny the existence of relativism, he claims that there are certain basic human universals; and he also claims that terrorism, genocide... with...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Relativism and Morality

...?Running Head: RELATIVISM AND MORALITY Relativism and Morality Relativism and Morality In the issue on relativism and morality is continuously a subject of discussion and debate in the peers of philosophers. It is a challenge to conclude on the issue due to the complexity and inconsistency of the factors involved. This had been observed and discussed by Lenn Goodman in the paper entitled Some Moral Minna (2010). Relativism is defined as the lack of absolute truth or validity of a particular concept of thought which can only be described in relation to other concepts,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Relativism and Morality

...? Relativism and morality Task: Introduction It is clear that different cultures have been involved in activities that aim todetermine the procedure on determining moral choices. However, sources have depicted that some cultures have dissimilar perceptions on moral choices adopted by other cultures. For instance, some people regard what other cultures believe as being right or wrong. In her book, Goodman examines numerous aspects of relativism along with morality (Goodman, 2010). She, therefore, addressed numerous things seemed to be wrong by the majority. Therefore, this script will use some examples to explore the challenges discussed by Goodman on relativism. In addition, it will enlighten on the possibility of the existence... of...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

The Problem of Relativism and Morality

...? The problem of Morality and Relativism Number Number Teacher’s Due The problem of Morality and Relativism Morality and relativism are problems that philosophers have grappled with for a very long time now. For centuries, man has been confounded with the problem as to whether he needs a universal moral standard or not. These questions have been tied up with the subjectivity of man and how the interpretations of modern realities take shape. It also depends to a great extent on how the conceptions of god have evolved. If one looks at the ethics and morality of the Western civilization, one can see that the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Morality & Cultural Ethical Relativism

...Morality & Cultural Ethical RelativismMorality and Self-interest Scenario The issue of ethics sometimes appears to be difficult when it comes to certain issues or scenarios especially where one needs to chose between self interest and interest of others in a group. Some people may few that the concern or putting the interest of others before self interest of others is a central or necessary dimension of virtue. However, the danger to this dimension is that it may obscure the views of other people’s realities which must also claim some significant. In particular, taking into considerations the interests of others too is morally right because morality is...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Relativism and Morality

...? Relativism and Morality BY YOU YOUR SCHOOL INFO HERE HERE Relativism and Morality Goodman’s viewpoint that there are certain universal principles which are consistently wrong is somewhat flawed. Goodman (2010) highlights that rape, terrorism and murder (as three examples) should be considered wrongs within a global context. Murder, as Goodman identifies, is a wrong due to the fact that it violates the inherent rights of the individual. In essence, it destroys the individual and therefore cannot be debated since the victim is unable to engage in future philosophical arguments about right versus wrong. Rape, as yet another example, is a violation of the victim’s personal...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Relativism and Morality for FREE!

Contact Us