These valorizations occur on the basis of cultural and racial perceptions so that the whites could dominate the two other groups considered subordinate. Civic ostracism thus comes into play. The dominant white group does subordinate Asian Americans and brands them foreigners and inassimilable when it comes to the white culture and race with the aim of ostracizing them from politics and any form of civic membership (Aoki and Hayakawa 2-28). The exclusion Act marked the climax of over 30 years in which progressive racism was practiced. We had the anti-Chinese sentiment that started in the great immigration out of China at the time of the gold rush. In this period of gold rush, miners of white decent and other prospectus did impose strict laws and taxes that were meant to inhibit any form of success by the Chinese people. We had an increased racial tension propagated by Chinese emigration, job occupations and high level of competition within the job market. Chinese were banned from immigrating (Lee 89-116).