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Sociology - Essay Example

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Name: Tutor: Course: Date: University: Triangulation Triangulation refers to the employment of more than one different research approaches in a single study with the aim of confirming and verifying data in different ways. The diverse research approaches utilized produce corresponding data, which adds richness, rigour, and depth to the process of research design and the data collection (Mcmurray & Pace 2004, p.263)…
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Download file to see previous pages For researchers to gain clarity of a phenomenon, researchers study phenomenon from a given vantage point. From the vantage point, researchers obtain additional information about a phenomenon. However, the information at the first vantage point is not precise. This makes the researchers move to second vantage point to study a phenomenon. Information gathered from the second vantage point provides additional information about the phenomenon, which makes the phenomenon description clearer. In case a research pursues a third vantage point, the description of the phenomenon becomes even clearer than the earlier vantage points undertaken. The ultimate goal of adopting multiple-strategies is to overcome the bias that comes from a single approach. There are five types of triangulation that researchers employ in their studies. The methods include data triangulation, investigator triangulation, theoretical triangulation, method triangulation and multiple triangulations (Speziale & Carpenter 2011, p 81-82). Hypothesis A hypothesis denotes a statement that describes the assumption made by a researcher. Hypothesis may also explain or suggest a conclusion made by a researcher with respect to a phenomenon of interest. ...
A researcher state hypotheses as facts or writes them as comparison or predictions (Mcnabb, 2004, p.157). There are two main hypotheses in research; research and the null hypothesis. The null hypothesis predicts equality or absence of relationship between the stated variables. Any scientific research is based on the premise that the null hypothesis exists until there is evidence that favors the research hypothesis or evidence to reject the null hypothesis. The research hypothesis states that a relationship or inequality exists between the dependent and independent variable (Sirakaya-Turk 2011, p. 25). Dependent variable The quantitative researchers in a study seek the cause of a phenomenon. For example, does a nursing intervention cause improved patients outcomes? The presumed cause is the independent variable, and the presumed effect is the dependent variable. The variation in the dependent variable depends entirely on the variations in the independent variables. For example, a researcher investigating the extent to which smoking (the independent variable) causes lung cancer (the dependent variable). The dependent variable is one researcher seeks to understand, explain or predict. In the lung cancer/smoking research, the researchers attempt to explain and predict cancer but not smoking. In research studies, researchers use the dependent and independent variable to designate the direction of influence between the variables and not cause or effect. For example, a researcher studying the mental health of caretakers that care for spouses with Alzheimer’s disease may find better mental health results for the wives and not for the husband caregivers. In this example, the researcher may be unwilling to conclude ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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The difficulties in defining social phenomena replicate differences within the field over the basic nature of the organization themselves, many of this becomes indefinite (Riley 15). Rational theories improve the initial definition of the definition they see organizations as instruments which are designed to accomplish objectives using the logical plans, rational division and impersonal rules.
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It is the same thing happening in New Zealand until this day, but aside from that, it remains an important issue to know whether Christmas in this country still have religious significance. Concerning this point, illustrating the research question “Does Christmas in New Zealand have religious significance?
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At the same time, unpractical ideas should be rejected. This seems like a very practical approach to life as it allows a very logical approach to
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and the modernization that occurs in societies and the determination of the universal social or even cultural mechanisms that hastens the process of changing society. (Dentler, 2002, p. 2). In terms of culture, it is the study of the culture that signifies this group cultural
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What is Sociology and Why We Study it
We are all living in the society in individual roles as well as within the group with or without knowing about the society and the elements and their interactions among one another in the society. The society in which we live consists of a large number of groups/elements, which have a large bearing on the way we behave and live.
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Physicians’ professional autonomy is attributed to several levels. There is the collective autonomy, which pertains to the collective effort and control of the profession in setting the standards of
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This sort of treatment is not given to women in naturistic and paganistic form of religions and worships. In these forms of worship women are considered equally important and they are aids to the God.
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interaction, status refers to the different positions that individuals hold in the society and role denotes the expected behaviour of an individual in an interaction. Social interaction also helps sociologists understand how individuals construct reality. The reality of
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The reliability as well as validity of life is to be recognized in the social living of human beings. It is fundamental to realize where one can find valid and reliable elements in life, because it helps in the transformation of one’s life. Significantly, reliability and validity in life is all about finding truths and using them for transforming the life.
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Sociology, on the other hand, is a scientific discipline that studies the society systematically. Sociology ideas can be successfully transposed to other contexts since they are determined after testing the beliefs against acquired evidence (Giddens 3). For instance, to demonstrate this point we’ll talk about a commonly accepted view about women who contract HIV.
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