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Sociology - Essay Example

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Name: Tutor: Course: Date: University: Triangulation Triangulation refers to the employment of more than one different research approaches in a single study with the aim of confirming and verifying data in different ways. The diverse research approaches utilized produce corresponding data, which adds richness, rigour, and depth to the process of research design and the data collection (Mcmurray & Pace 2004, p.263)…
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Download file to see previous pages For researchers to gain clarity of a phenomenon, researchers study phenomenon from a given vantage point. From the vantage point, researchers obtain additional information about a phenomenon. However, the information at the first vantage point is not precise. This makes the researchers move to second vantage point to study a phenomenon. Information gathered from the second vantage point provides additional information about the phenomenon, which makes the phenomenon description clearer. In case a research pursues a third vantage point, the description of the phenomenon becomes even clearer than the earlier vantage points undertaken. The ultimate goal of adopting multiple-strategies is to overcome the bias that comes from a single approach. There are five types of triangulation that researchers employ in their studies. The methods include data triangulation, investigator triangulation, theoretical triangulation, method triangulation and multiple triangulations (Speziale & Carpenter 2011, p 81-82). Hypothesis A hypothesis denotes a statement that describes the assumption made by a researcher. Hypothesis may also explain or suggest a conclusion made by a researcher with respect to a phenomenon of interest. ...
A researcher state hypotheses as facts or writes them as comparison or predictions (Mcnabb, 2004, p.157). There are two main hypotheses in research; research and the null hypothesis. The null hypothesis predicts equality or absence of relationship between the stated variables. Any scientific research is based on the premise that the null hypothesis exists until there is evidence that favors the research hypothesis or evidence to reject the null hypothesis. The research hypothesis states that a relationship or inequality exists between the dependent and independent variable (Sirakaya-Turk 2011, p. 25). Dependent variable The quantitative researchers in a study seek the cause of a phenomenon. For example, does a nursing intervention cause improved patients outcomes? The presumed cause is the independent variable, and the presumed effect is the dependent variable. The variation in the dependent variable depends entirely on the variations in the independent variables. For example, a researcher investigating the extent to which smoking (the independent variable) causes lung cancer (the dependent variable). The dependent variable is one researcher seeks to understand, explain or predict. In the lung cancer/smoking research, the researchers attempt to explain and predict cancer but not smoking. In research studies, researchers use the dependent and independent variable to designate the direction of influence between the variables and not cause or effect. For example, a researcher studying the mental health of caretakers that care for spouses with Alzheimer’s disease may find better mental health results for the wives and not for the husband caregivers. In this example, the researcher may be unwilling to conclude ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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