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Inequalities - Essay Example

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Name 1. Welfare reform has been the light of the Unites States government to end the never ending social problems of poverty and inequality in the society. For so many years the government has been running on a welfare reform program known as the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) until the recent change to an alleged newer and better reform program for social mobility known as the TANF or the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families…
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Download file to see previous pages According to the NETWORK site which is a global movement for economic and social transformation, the major difference among the two lies on their goals. The goal of AFDC was to provide money to people who are incapacitated or unemployed parents for their children; while the goal of TANF is to help needy parents by promoting marriage, reducing out-of-wedlock births, and promoting work. Aside from setting out a goal change, there were four major changes that came out of welfare reform (NETWORK 2012). First, entitlement is different. In AFDC, all qualified families that met the criteria are provided with cash assistance, while TANF requires that qualified adults must comply with work requirements. It does not simply give away money basing on the declaration of a family for eligibility in the social reform program but nevertheless it encourages people to mobilize and exert effort in finding a job on their own and have a steady income rather than being dependent on the government solely (NETWORK 2012). Second, work requirements are now backed by sanctions for recipients who do not comply. Sanctions depend on the state discretion and can include a reduction to a termination of benefits if the recipient falls short in the number of hours worked that is required. Likewise, there are penalties for states that do not meet the federal work requirements. This way, recipients are obliged to strive and stand on their own and giving fewer burdens to the government by lessening the social expenditure and eventually teaching poor families to live independently by acquiring a stable job (NETWORK 2012). Third, one of the most obvious changes in welfare reform was the time limit on benefits. TANF recipients can receive a maximum of five years of federally-funded cash benefits unlike the AFDC that offers no limit as long as a family remains eligible even without the effort of changing their lives for the better (NETWORK 2012). Lastly, under AFDC recipients received a fixed percentage of welfare payments from the federal government for every individual enrolled in welfare; however, under the TANF, the amount of money received by recipients is fixed (NETWORK 2012). Indeed social welfare was made to change the face of the society. According to DeParle’s American Dream, recipients like Angie, Jewell and Opal benefited from such reform that they were able to survive their lives along poverty. Social reforms have extended their capability to provide for the needs of their family but have also extended their dependency on the government. It can be seen that most people are not really afraid to raise a family on a young age because they knew about these benefits from the government even if they do little or no work at all. Name 2. Among all other nations of the world, The United States have the most number of incarcerated people. Can this be simply explained that most American and the so called Americanized immigrants commit crimes doubly than anyone else in the world? Or it has something to do mainly with the way Americans keep crime perpetrators within the cell that make the number continuously increasing and hitting up the mark. It is either more people are committing crimes or the law is committing perpetrators to more time in prison. California’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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