Giddens (1990) defined globalisation as a decoupling of space and time. He argued that with instant communication, knowledge and culture can be shared around the World simultaneously. Similarly, Lubbers (1998) also defines globalisation as a geographical distance which becomes smaller in size with establishments and maintenance of cross-border economic, political and socio- cultural relations (Lubbers 1998).
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Lee (2000) explain that globalisation is an unavoidable and primarily gentle process of global economic integration, in which countries increasingly drop border restrictions on the flow of capital, goods and services. He further acknowledged that risks are a more rapid spread of disease through tourism and the speedier and more massive and regular movement of goods and people. He noted that the risks of globalisation processes can be managed and are more than offset by benefits in the dissemination of new ideas, technologies and steady global economic growth (Lee 2000).
Whereas, Dowler (2007) define inequalities in health to mean difference in health experience between different groups of people, in that some groups of people experience poorer health than the majority of the population. This he said, is usually due to life circumstances, such as living in poverty, on low or fixed incomes, in poor housing, having few opportunities for social activities, a lack of connectedness to community; and, to discrimination arising from gender, poverty, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation or disability (Dowler, 2007).
This paper will present a literature review on globalisation and its effects on health inequalities. The main objective is to provide a framework to understand how globalisation accelerates current changes in our lifestyles, the free movement of people travelling (Tourism) in relation to the rapid spread of infectious diseases, noticeably SARS. Inaddition, the estimate shows increasing gaps between the rich and poor that emerged in the various literatures. Research shows that the globalisation process as it is defined by Lee (2000) and others, that globalisation are responsible for the accelerated free movement of people. WHO (2003) estimated that more than two million travellers cross international borders on a daily basis. This includes not only economic migrants, refugees but also tourism. It is suggested that, a traveller infected with SARS could easily be transported across the globe six times within the incubation period of this deadly disease (WHO, 2003). This research will analyse this statement in detail and provide points for future research needs, based on the current globalisation policy debates and around the spread of diseases, and it will also make a case study of SARS in order to enrich the proposal.
Does globalisation contribute to health inequality'
AIM: To analyze and discuss, where, why and how the globalisation process affects or accelerates health inequality
1. To see what has and has not been investigated about globalisation and how does it affect health inequality
2. To identify potential relationships between the concepts and to identify researchable needs in the area
3. To develop an understanding of how free movement of people such as tourism has changed cultures/lifestyles, through the process of globalisation
4. To demonstrate knowledge of the history of the spread of infectious diseases and globalisation of trade and investments
5. To discover how my research project can be related to the work of others
I will conduct my research, from the
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In general the phenomenon of health inequality can be experienced due to the difference in socioeconomic factors such as an individual’s income or their educational background and credentials. Inequality in health status or condition has also been associated with access to health care services, as when people do not find adequate care services cannot stabilize their health condition.
According to the paper different people have different perceptions about being healthy. It is very commonly believed that being in perfect shape and beautiful means being healthy, and to stay healthy one needs to eat nutritious food, do exercise and stay clean. The main factors that lead towards state of being unhealthy are poor diet, obesity, pollution, unhygienic conditions, illegal drug usage and lack of exercise.
From this research, it is clear that there is a great deal of evidence to show that social inequality is strongly linked to health inequalities. The researcher strongly supports Marmot's recommendation on measures that need implementation in order to stop health inequalities. These hindrances or inequality should be addressed and acted upon in a fast pace with all means possible.
In western cultures, the biomedical method determines the presence of an illness; the body and mind are completely different. This paper will discuss the similarities and differences between the biomedical and social models of health and give a deeper insight into their key components.
Name:xxxxxxxxxxxx Professor:xxxxxxxxxx Institution:xxxxxxxxxx Course:xxxxxxxxxxxxx Date:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Introduction Health inequalities are avertible and unfair variances in health position experienced by definite population sets. Health inequalities are not solitary obvious amid persons of diverse socio-economic groups; they happen between sexes and diverse indigenous groups.
is expected that globalization would bring a lasting solution to problems of poverty, illiteracy, inequality or health problems that beset the developing world. In contrast to the mainstream view, globalization is currently seen as a malignant force that result into increased
An RN is obligated to advance the patient’s best interests without any form of partiality. He or she should espouse kindness and reverence for the sick person, irrespective of the patient's gender, age, citizenship, ethnicity or health status (Law, & Marks, 2013).
The Government has launched the most comprehensive programme ever mounted to tackle health inequalities. In July 2003 Tackling Health Inequalities: A Programme for Action, was published by the Department of Health with the support of 11 other government departments.
The health divide has amplified by 4% with men and by 11% with women. Not mainly evident amongst groups of diverse socio-economic classes, health inequalities subsist amid people of different genders, ethnic communities, geographical areas, the elderly, and those individuals with less cognitive and physical functions (“Health Inequalities: A Third Report of Session 2008-09” par.
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