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The organization’s headquarter is located at Manhattan, New York with main offices in Nairobi, Geneva and Vienna. Member states voluntary provides financial support by donating to the organization to keep the operation of the organization moving. The objectives of UN include provision of human aid to victims of natural disaster, famine, and armed conflict. UN also plays the roles of protecting the environment, promoting human rights, maintained of peace and order, and fostering economic and social developments to the member countries (Meisler 12).
The structure of the United Nations is based in five different organs which include Security Council, General Assembly, The Secretariat, Economic and Social Council and International Court of Justice. One of the organs (Trusteeship council) was suspended in 1994. A part from International Court of Justice located at Hague other four organs are located at the headquarters in New York. Other agencies of the organization are located in Nairobi, Vienna and Geneva. The five organs play different roles in making sure that UN fulfils and achieves his missions and objective. The secretariat is chaired by the Secretary General who is elected to serve a period of five years. The Secretariat provides support to other bodies administratively. International Court of Justice is the organ responsible for solving disputes between states, issuing legal opinions and rendering judgments. The General Assembly decides the enlistment and admission of new members and resolves non compulsory recommendations in different countries. The Security Council is responsible for ensuring safety by maintaining world security and peace. The economic and social council creates cooperation bonds between different countries in respect to social and economic issues (Conforti 34).
The organization was established in 1945, and since then the membership has expanded. On formation, 77 countries joined and stipulate the policies. The organization started
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In the light of aforesaid, a discussion is carried out over the effectiveness of United Nations in the resolution of social and political crisis that happened to strike the humanity in the recent past. United Nations has tackled raging and roaring national sentiments and channelized them to achieve the objectives of global peace and security.
The United Nations was created in 1945 with an aim of bringing harmony to the world through taking a common approach to many of the problems that the world was facing.
The United Nation has been one for the most important bodies in the world that have worked to ensure that there is peace and tranquility in the world.
However, UN peacekeeping had not ceased, because turmoil and conflicts still mar the international community, therefore, the need for them, for ceasefires are not permanent. As a general policy upheld until now, they were only fielded in peacekeeping zones after a ceasefire was declared by both conflicting parties, and they too had given their consent to the UN to acknowledge peacekeeping personnel.
In spite of this effort for a more systematic move, the presentation of peacekeeping operations has been impromptu. This system was designed to stand-in for the collective security system, which was hindered by the stalemate in the Security Council between the permanent members.
Problems arose from this situation because previous organizations like the League of Nations had not succeeded, so it was important to create a body that was not similarly flawed. Earlier organizations had also failed
Even though multilateralism has been viewed as a valuable tool in diplomacy for the US, it has faced various challenges at the UN due to divergent schools of thought derailing some of its desired objectives.
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