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United Nations - Essay Example

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Summary
Due to the fame and popularity of the organization, I had thoughts about its organization, operation, membership objectives and roles. After carrying out research about the UN, I…
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United Nations Overview United Nations is a well organized organization, which operates in many countries of the world. Due to the fame and popularity of the organization, I had thoughts about its organization, operation, membership objectives and roles. After carrying out research about the UN, I came to realize that my thoughts were true. UN is an organization regarded as an intergovernmental organization. It was created in 1945 with an aim of promoting international co-operations. It was organized in the Second World War with an aim of preventing world conflict from taking place. The organization’s headquarter is located at Manhattan, New York with main offices in Nairobi, Geneva and Vienna. Member states voluntary provides financial support by donating to the organization to keep the operation of the organization moving. The objectives of UN include provision of human aid to victims of natural disaster, famine, and armed conflict. UN also plays the roles of protecting the environment, promoting human rights, maintained of peace and order, and fostering economic and social developments to the member countries (Meisler 12).
Structure
The structure of the United Nations is based in five different organs which include Security Council, General Assembly, The Secretariat, Economic and Social Council and International Court of Justice. One of the organs (Trusteeship council) was suspended in 1994. A part from International Court of Justice located at Hague other four organs are located at the headquarters in New York. Other agencies of the organization are located in Nairobi, Vienna and Geneva. The five organs play different roles in making sure that UN fulfils and achieves his missions and objective. The secretariat is chaired by the Secretary General who is elected to serve a period of five years. The Secretariat provides support to other bodies administratively. International Court of Justice is the organ responsible for solving disputes between states, issuing legal opinions and rendering judgments. The General Assembly decides the enlistment and admission of new members and resolves non compulsory recommendations in different countries. The Security Council is responsible for ensuring safety by maintaining world security and peace. The economic and social council creates cooperation bonds between different countries in respect to social and economic issues (Conforti 34).
Membership
The organization was established in 1945, and since then the membership has expanded. On formation, 77 countries joined and stipulate the policies. The organization started with only 77 members. In 2013, the organization had 133 members. The first meeting involving the 77 members took place in 1967 in Algiers and established the organization’s permanent structure (Behrmann and Cede 56)
Objectives
United Nations plays different roles. Almost all the activities carried out by UN focuses on humanitarian affairs. The organization carries out peacekeeping and security operation to ensure safety of innocent civilians. In peacekeeping operation, UN seeks to ensure that the international humanitarian laws are observed. Another objective is to ensure that human rights are respected and individuals are not mistreated by political leaders or those in power. UN also provides aid to the people experiencing economical difficulties (Meisler 33).
Work Cited
Behrmann Lilly S. and Cede Franz. The United Nations: Law and Practice. London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2001. Print.
Conforti Benedetto. The Law and Practice of the United Nations. London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2005. Print.
Meisler Stanley. United Nations: A History. New York: Grove Press, 2011. Print. Read More
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