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Relationships between Critical Thinking & Ethics - Essay Example

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Ruggiero (2011) defines critical thinking as the cognitive process of making rational judgment regarding beliefs and actions in response to particular circumstances or observations. Ethics is concerned with the set of rules, which determine and guide the conduct of a specific…
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Relationships between Critical Thinking & Ethics
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Relationships Between Critical Thinking & Ethics Relationships between Critical Thinking & Ethics Ruggiero defines critical thinking as the cognitive process of making rational judgment regarding beliefs and actions in response to particular circumstances or observations. Ethics is concerned with the set of rules, which determine and guide the conduct of a specific group or general human population.
Critical thinking rules and principals are applicable to ethical reasoning. They are applicable because critical thinking enables individuals to determine whether a persons deeds are right or wrong concerning whether the activity is within certain values in the society. These values are such as justice, wisdom, care, and compassion, which are lacking in the case of execution of prisoners in order to sell their body parts. Critical thinking enables individuals to make decisions based on verified information and truths. In the case of human organ selling, there is an apparent deviation in the act by the military through their brainwashing due to money. The military and Dr. Dye fail to identify the importance of life due to greed for money. In both cases, the military and the doctor failed to ensure the human right to life.
Restricting to logical rules and guidelines will not require ethical decision-making process. Critical thinking determines ways of analyzing and differentiating facts from fiction or a way of understanding or making new discoveries (Ruggiero, 2011). Critical thinking influences culture that determines the way of life of a person through equipping one with a mental process of evaluation. The mental process forms a ground that determines the ethical standards. An inference that critical thinking forms the overall determination of moral values can be made. In the scenario considered, if the military, doctor, and the prospective customers did put considerable thought to the inhumanity of the business, they would not have been involved.
References
Ruggiero, V. R. (2011). Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues. Dubuque: McGraw-Hill. Read More
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