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Middle East Politics - Essay Example

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The paper delves on the political issues of Middle East nations. The paper focuses on religion as an influential factor in the region’s political scene. Religion and economics plays a vital role in Middle East political…
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Middle East Politics
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December 12, Middle East Politics Introduction Middle East Politics is grounded on religion and oil. The paper delves on the political issues of Middle East nations. The paper focuses on religion as an influential factor in the region’s political scene. Religion and economics plays a vital role in Middle East political management of the residents’ daily lives.
Economics
In terms of economics, the Middle East political scene is grounded oil production. The Middle East oil reserves can continue to supply more than 60 % of the world’s oil needs. The Persian Gulf oil reserves can deliver 62 percent of the world’s oil supply (Ayoob, 2006). The government uses oil money to uplift the lives of the residents.
Iraq
Iraq is an unstable political nation (Ayoob, 2006). The country is the threshold of breaking up between the people of both the Kurdish group and the Arab group. There is a continuing rift between Iraqi Sunni Muslims and Iraqi Shiite Muslims. The rift cropped up because Muhammad did not appoint his replacement (Hazleton, 2009).
Iran
Iran is on the verge of producing its first nuclear warhead. The nation is an open republic. The republic allows suggestions, comments, and other inputs from any member of Iranian society. The drive to set up nuclear weapons is a stop the uninvited political intervention from the United States. Iranian politics is leading towards a democratic government. The religious leaders run the Iran government, especially Shiite Muslim Ayatollah Sistani. The citizens democratically elect their next political leaders (Ayoob, 2006).
Saudi Arabia
The Saud family, the political family ruling over Saudi Arabia, is persuaded to grant more democratic power to the citizens (Ayoob, 2006). The granting of democratic freedom strengthens Saud family’s hold on the people. Such democratic movements will allow the people to voice their anti-American politics concerns.
Turkey
Turkey questions why the European Union cannot allow entry of Turkey into the fold of the European Union (Ayoob, 2006). Some residents believe their Islamic faith hinders entry into the European Union. The people happily feel the government grant more democratic freedom. Turkey is deeply involved in the Middle East nations’ political affairs, doing its best as NATO member to keep the peace and unity within the region.
Israel –Palestine Conflict
The political situation shows there is a continuing political conflict between the Jewish Israel people and the Islam-dominated Palestine people (Ayoob, 2006). The United States is persuading Israel to give up its control over the Gaza strip to Palestine, to reduce the conflict between Israel and Palestine, including Palestinians living within Israel’s territory (Gelvin, 2014).
Religion –based politics
Religion plays an important role in Middle East Politics (Ayoob, 2006). Political democracy is a growing trend in the Islam-dominated daily lives of the countries’ residents. Most of the nations are Islam-dominated. The Muslim countries include Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Iran and Iraq. Government is based on the implementation of Sharia law. Democracy is in corporate in the political and religious agenda of many Muslim Middle East countries.
Conclusion
Based on the above discussion, both religion and economics affect Middle East politics. Oil exports affect Middle East decisions. Religious leaders control how the government controls the people. Evidently, religion and economics plays democratically important parts in the Middle East political environment, directly affecting the daily lives of the residents.
References:
Ayoob, M. (2006). The Middle East in 2025: Implications for U.S. Policy. Middle East Policy , 8 (2), 148- 162.
Gelvin, J. (2014). The Israel- Palestine Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hazleton, L. (2009). After the Prophet. New York: Knopf Doubleday Press. Read More
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