Nobody downloaded yet

Arabic writing system - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Arabic belongs to the group of Semitic alphabetical scripts in which mainly the consonants are represented in writing, while the marking of vowels (using diacritics) is optional. The earliest-known alphabet to mankind was the North Semitic, which developed around 1700 B.C…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.9% of users find it useful
Arabic writing system
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Arabic writing system"

Download file to see previous pages 800 B.C.), whence came the letters of the ancient Roman alphabet, and ultimately all Western alphabets.
The North Arabic script, which eventually prevailed and became the Arabic script of the Quran, relates most substantially and directly to the Nabatian script, which was derived from the Aramaic script. Old Aramaic, the language of Jesus and the Apostles, dates from the 2nd millennium B.C., and some dialects of which are still spoken by tiny groups in the Middle East. Arabic script still shares with Aramaic the names of the alphabet letters (Alef, Jeem, Dal, Zai, Sheen, etc.); similar graphic representation for phonetically similar letters (Sad and Dad, Ta and Tha, etc.); connections of letters in the same word and several forms of each letter depending on its location in the word, except for letters that cannot be connected to the letters which come after them (Alef, Dal/Dthal, Raa/Zai, Waw). The Arabic alphabet contains 18 letter shapes, by adding one, two, or three dots to letters with similar phonetic characteristics a total of 28 letters is obtained. These contain three long vowels, while diacritics can be added to indicate short vowels.
With the spread of Islam, the Arabic alphabet was adapted by several non-Arab nations for writing their own languages. In Iran Arabic letters were used to write Farsi, with the addition of four letters to represent the phonetics that did not exist in Arabic: p, ch, zh, and g. The Ottoman Turks used the Arabic alphabet until 1929 and added still another letter. This alphabet was also used to write other Turkish languages and dialects, such as Kazakh, Uzbek, etc. Several other languages used the Arabic alphabet at one time or another, including Urdu, Malay, Swahili, Hausa, Algerian Tribal, and others.
Arabic script is not used solely for writing Arabic, but for a variety of languages. In each language, it has been modified to fit the language's sound system. There are sounds not found in Arabic, but found in, for instance, Persian, Malay and Urdu: such sounds don't correspond to any sound from the Arabic system of sounds for which the Arabic alphabet can be used. For example, the Arabic language lacks a [p] sounding letter, so many languages add their own letter for [p] in the script, though the symbol used may differ between languages. These modifications tend to fall into groups: all the Indian and Turkic languages written in Arabic tend to use the Persian modified letters (and those are the languages that are "geographically closer" to Persia), whereas West African languages tend to imitate those of Ajami, and Indonesian ones those of Jawi. A writing system in which the Persian modified letters are used is called Perso-Arabic script by the scholars. Generally, in countries where national education is effective and where the national language is written in Arabic script, Arabic script is also used to write the other languages used in that country (Coulmas 20).
The Arabic alphabet is written from right to left and is composed of 28 basic letters. Adaptations of the script for other languages such as Persian and Urdu have additional letters. There is no difference between written and printed letters; the writing is unicase (i.e. the concept of upper and lower case letters does not exist). On the other hand, most of the letters are attached to one another, even when printed, and their appearance changes as a function of whether they connect to preceding or following letters. Some ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Arabic writing system Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Arabic writing system Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/science/1532684-arabic-writing-system
(Arabic Writing System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Arabic Writing System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words. https://studentshare.org/science/1532684-arabic-writing-system.
“Arabic Writing System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/science/1532684-arabic-writing-system.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Explain the influence of T. S. Eliot on 20th century Arabic poetry, giving examples
He was deeply influenced by Ezra Pound who guided him in his writing in many ways. In his youth, Eliot was considered as a rebel because of his radical ideas. However he became a highly respectable literary figure with his conversion to Anglo
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Arabic Culture
This culture revolves around activities done that include the language of people, music composition, works of architecture and spirituality. The Arabic language plays the most important role in creating distinctions between Arabic culture and other cultures of the world.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Arabic Culture
However in Arabic or Muslim culture, women enjoy less freedom than women in other culture because of male domination. This paper briefly analyses the status of women in Arabic culture. Women have nothing to do in
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
ARABIC CULTURE
This paper shall discuss the historical background of the Arab peoples, including their language varieties, literary traditions, and representative social institutions. This study is
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Politics and Love in Contemporary Arabic Literature
His poetic genre is a cosmopolitan work, which not only tackles issues in Arab world but also the entire globe. In his poem, ‘Love’ Adonis exemplifies his unique blend of revolutionary artistic diction. Away from the traditional Arab poetry of simple
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Arabic
The media are a significant source of information to the society. Most people in the contemporary world depend on the media for news, information, entertainment and socialization recent development of social media, which facilitate
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Arabic civilization
Its territories spread to almost cover different parts of the world, with 72% in Africa and 28% in Asia. It comprises of two continents, a position that makes it to be worlds strategic regions. From the begging of 1994 to the end of 2000, its population was
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Describe at least five important aspects of Arabic language. Be specific
The Arabic language has overtime become a popular language in recent times. Arabic language courses centre on all four skills, namely: listening comprehension, speaking, writing, and reading, accompanied by
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Thai - Writing System Research
Thai is categorized in syllabic alphabet or Abugida. Thai is syllabic because the main sign contains a vowel and a consonant (Suthiwan and Rungnapha 4). However, all
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
The Influence of Arabic Vowel signs on the Accuracy and Speed of Reading
It implies that the high correspondence between letters and sounds can ease the word decoding and fluency of reading. Arabic can be either a shallow orthography if the script is subject to vowelize or can
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Arabic writing system for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us