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The Concept of Penis Envy - Literature review Example

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This literature review "The Concept of Penis Envy" focuses on the concept of penis envy that has been an integral part of Sigmund Freud’s theory of the Oedipus Complex. Freud’s concept of penis envy, because of its patriarchal approach, became well known as the theory of sexual politics.  …
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The Concept of Penis Envy
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Download file to see previous pages However, what really gave a valid acceptance to this practice was Sigmund Freud’s concept of ‘penis envy’. The practice of blaming women for their suffering became a sort of legitimate practice after Freud introduced his idea of ‘penis envy’ (1904) based on the study of his female clients (McLellan, 1995, p.73). The art of ‘blaming the victim’ (women) was so strongly legitimated by this concept that it became a psychological law of mainstream therapy even in the developed and modern world (McLellan, 1995, p. 73). Women were often treated in such a negative way that they subconsciously used to feel that they deserve the misery. However, due to lack of evidence and weak logic, the concept of ‘penis envy’ was criticized and rejected very strongly by feminists and some male psychologists. Due to the timely and intelligent contribution from feminists and male psychologists, the concept of ‘penis envy’ was weakened and uprooted from the minds of the people so strongly that today, it has got reduced to nothing but a mere ‘concept,’ and is known as a theory which was once introduced by Freud under his misogynist, narrow-minded and patriarchal attitude.
The concept of penis envy has been an integral part of Sigmund Freud’s theory of the ‘Oedipus Complex’ (Kahn, 2002, p.72). Freud described the Oedipus complex as a girl’s “erotic desire for father coupled with confusing, ambivalent, angry rivalry with mother” (Kahn, 2002, p. 72). More importantly, one of the major reasons for the development of this complex in girls is the lack of a penis. According to Freud, both boys and girls think that it is a sign of inferiority and incompleteness not to have a penis (Kahn, 2002, p. 68). Girls think that as they do not have a penis, they are inferior to men and are the owners of incomplete bodies. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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