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Cognitive control - Essay Example

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Recent researchers have explained the integral link between the functions of the prefrontal cortex and the personality of an individual…
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Cognitive Control Number May 11, Faculty Cognitive Control Prefrontal cortex in the anatomy of the mammalian brain is the cerebral cortex that covers the frontal lobe from the front part (Mars, 2012). Recent researchers have explained the integral link between the functions of the prefrontal cortex and the personality of an individual. The prefrontal cortex, a brain region has been indicated to have a critical role in personality expression, planning complex cognitive behaviour, moderation of the social behaviour and in decision-making. The orchestration of actions and goals in line with the internal goals are a basic role played by this brain part. Research shows that the destruction of the anterior two-thirds of this part of the brain leads to deficits in judgement, orientation, concentration, abstract ability and problem-solving ability. The prefrontal cortex performs an executive function. The executive function comprises the ability to distinguish between conflicting thoughts, the ability to differentiate good from bad, same and different, and the future consequences of current activities. It helps one to predict future outcomes, work towards a defined goal and make expectations based on individual actions and social control. The social control function ensures that one can suppress urges that may result in unacceptable social outcome if not suppressed.
The damage to the prefrontal cortex results in an executive dysfunction (Passingham & Wise, 2012). The executive dysfunction refers to the disruption of the efficacy of the executive functions. The executive functions are a group of cognitive processes that control, regulate and manage other cognitive processes. The executive dysfunction refers on most occasions to both the behavioural symptoms and the neurocognitive deficits. The situation results in mental disorders and numerous psychopathologies. It also results in long term and short term changes in non-clinical control. Goal-oriented behaviour is thus affected.
References
Mars, R. (2012). Neural basis of motivational and cognitive control. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Passingham, R., & Wise, S. (2012). The neurobiology of the prefrontal cortex. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. Read More
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