Nobody downloaded yet

With reference to theory and practice, critically evaluate the shift from the first-order to second-order cybernetics in the family and systemic therapies - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Cybernetics is a science relating to communication and control theory, fundamentally concerned with comparative study and analysis of automatic regulatory or control systems. It also refers to a trans-disciplinary approach generally concerned with exploring the control systems,…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful

Extract of sample "With reference to theory and practice, critically evaluate the shift from the first-order to second-order cybernetics in the family and systemic therapies"

Download file to see previous pages The change generated in the system’s environment or settings is reflected in some manner within the system, prompting a system change (also known as feedback cycle). Different philosophers, theorists and therapists have played a vital role in the dramatic shift from the first-order to second-order cybernetics in the family and systematic therapies. First-order cybernetics dictates that both family and systematic therapists perceives phenomena through a process of observation instead of being deeply influenced by the process (Clarke & Hansen, 2009). In this regard, the observer is not part of the system. Similarly, the therapist can discover and solve problems without necessarily getting involved directly into the system in order to instigate change. Second-order cybernetics studies the function or role of observer (human observer) in the construction of various models of systems, as well as other observers. It investigates the construction of the models of cybernetic systems. Besides, second-order cybernetics investigates the cybernetics with complete awareness that investigators are essentially part of the system, playing a remarkable part in providing a way out to self-organizing and subject-object problem (Clarke & Hansen, 2009). In essence, the investigators are often cybernetically engaged with the system under observation thus affecting the system or being affected by it (the system). The systematic therapy mainly addresses people on both individual and in relationships. This form of therapy deals with interactions of groups as well as their interactional dynamics and patterns.
Cybernetics is vital to the development of systematic and family therapies. It is particularly essential to the development of family systems theory as it marks the beginning of the study as well as exploration of many forms of systems, including families (Haslebo & Nielsen, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“With reference to theory and practice, critically evaluate the shift Essay”, n.d.)
With reference to theory and practice, critically evaluate the shift Essay. Retrieved from
(With Reference to Theory and Practice, Critically Evaluate the Shift Essay)
With Reference to Theory and Practice, Critically Evaluate the Shift Essay.
“With Reference to Theory and Practice, Critically Evaluate the Shift Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF With reference to theory and practice, critically evaluate the shift from the first-order to second-order cybernetics in the family and systemic therapies

Humanistic Theory: Systemic Factors

...? Humanistic Theory: Systemic Factors Humanistic theory takes a very positive view of human development. According to the contribution theorists, humans have the potential to achieve any number of things; and are inherently good and able (Burger, 1993). They are motivated and will strive to achieve their goals though they often encounter resistance from the environment which throws up challenges which the individual is required to overcome in order to successfully complete their goal. There are a number of theories that are considered as valuable contributions to the humanistic school; and prominent among them are those proposed by Carl Rogers, Abraham...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Theory of Birth Order

...?Theory of Birth Order In this world everyone is extremely acknowledged of the fact that at every home where there is sibling, there arises rivalry. Always the child bore first take away much of the love and care of their parents and acquaintances. It has been even scientifically sought out that children born first end up being intelligent and smarter. According to (CBC News) “Birth order typically creates some form of sibling rivalry, but a new study suggests it also has an impact on personality and intelligence”. It has been analyzed by group experts that first born children acquired much better marks than younger siblings. Birth...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Frankfurts notion of Second Order Volition be weaker or less effective than some conflicting desire. Therefore, a desire which determines the behaviour of a person at a critical moment and leads him to action in the presence of other conflicting desires is termed as will. (Frankfurt, 1971, pp. 4-5) To define “free will”, Frankfurt introduces another type of desires- second order desires. A second order desire refers to a desire about a first order desire or a desire to have or not to have a first order desire. Or in other words, a second order desire is a manifestation of the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

General Electric and Cybernetics Principles

...for fluctuate business environment and management objects. The theory of opportunity cybernetics and decision harmonizing in this paper is designated to overcome the difficulties of modern enterprises with multiple venture management. In the following, we will introduce several exceptional phenomena that affect the multiple venture management in the competitive global market. Then, we will outline the basic concepts and modeling of opportunity cybernetics and decision-harmonizing theory. Finally, an example of General Electric Company is shown to illustrate the practice of this theory in the real world. Cybernetics The...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Second Order Crossover Loudspeaker

...Introduction Loudspeakers are the commonly used electrical devices that are used to increase the volume of sound. Loudspeakers are responsible for transforming the electrical signals into sound that are coming from devices such as broadcasting devices (radio), TV systems or electronic music related appliances. Loudspeakers use both electric and mechanical principles to convert an electrical signal. Mostly the speakers we use in our daily life works on the principle of audio cross-over. As the project topic suggests that we will be discussing the second order cross-over loudspeaker, loudspeakers are classified into different orders on the basis of filter...
9 Pages(2250 words)Lab Report

Social Order

...Social Order Paper [Pick the A social order is vital. We may not realize it but our society and our surroundings play a primary role in shaping our daily routines, habits and characteristics. Like in some families parents find it their obligation to check their children homework’s and schoolwork’s while for some other families attending dinners and other social event is way too important than their children. Thinking about the impact of society, culture and surrounding in our lives, last night I was able to pinpoint many personal habits which are highly influenced by my surrounding and social life. This includes my eating habits, my sleeping schedule and my social...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Political Order

...Effective Theories for Political Order Development Introduction Political order refers to ever changing political situations and systems prevailing in a society. The changes in the society are mainly due to the presence of various tensions and existing political theories with distinctions. The diverse contemporary and traditional political theories assist in forming a state with legitimacy, justice and humanity for the enrichment of political situations and the creation of ideal political order (Wissenburg, 2012). In this regard, a German philosopher named Friedrich Nietzsche reflected views about...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...Second Order System Response - System Dynamics Introduction The main purpose of this report is to analyse diverse cases of harmonic response of the second-order rectilinear dynamic systems. Whilst harmonic response theoretically takes into consideration of the steady state vibrations, the dynamic parameters extracted from the corresponding analysing of harmonic response can be employed to approximate the transient behaviour. Harmonic response permits the steady state response of the dynamic systems to the underlying harmonic excitation to be determined devoid of solving the system...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Family characteristics of Order sphenisciformes-penguins

...Family Characteristics of Order Sphenisciformes-Penguins Jadwiszczak, Piotr. "Partial Limb Skeleton Of A 'Giant Penguin' Anthropornis From The Eocene Of Antarctic Peninsula." Polish Polar Research 33.3 (2012): 259-274. Academic Search Premier. Web. 29 Nov. 2014. Jadwiszczak, 2012 research reports a complete reconstruction of Antarctic penguin limb skeleton. The author uses functional and comparative analyses in understanding the adaptation behaviors and other intriguing features of the giant penguin. The article remained vital in explaining morphological characteristics of certain species of penguins. Jadwiszczak, Piotr, and Sandra D. Chapman. "The Earliest Fossil Record Of A Medium-Sized Penguin."...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Soil order

...Soil order and their associated environmental climates Arid soil Soil order The soil orders of arid soils are always free-draining. However, these soils receive insufficient rainfall due to the climate and it is for this reason that they always retain their soluble salts. The order of arid soils is characterized by three levels which are: Oxisol Vertisol Entisol It is however important to note that not all arid soils are classified in the aridsol order. Some have unique compositions that place them in other orders of soil. Oxisols are weathered soils found in the tropical regions. Their common compositions are quartz, aluminum and iron...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic With reference to theory and practice, critically evaluate the shift from the first-order to second-order cybernetics in the family and systemic therapies for FREE!

Contact Us