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Disorders - Essay Example

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Over the second half of the last century, soft drinks and other sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) have assumed an increasingly significant proportion of the total energy intake in the United States and most westernized populations. These beverages are heavily marketed to the youth…
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Download file to see previous pages Obesity has been defined as excess fat deposition due to a chronic positive shift of the energy equation resulting from increases in energy input, decrease in energy output or both (Bhattacharya & Bundorf, 2009). The rapid increase in obesity cases in the recent past has been attributed to cultural and social influences in conjunction with other physio- pathological or genetic determinants which affect the adjustment in the energy balance equation. It is estimated that 40- 70% of obesity related cases are inherited while the environment influences the remaining 30% (Bertaki & Azari, 2005).
Obesity has emerged as one of the most serious public health concerns in the 21st century and the morbidity and mortality associated with obesity continues to increase (Kaestner, 2009). Endogenous (genetic) factors and exogenous (diet and physical activity) factors plays an important role in the assessment and management of obesity. Complications of obesity include cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, type II diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (Bhattacharya & Bundorf, 2009). Although cases of obesity have dropped in a few developed countries such a United Kingdom and Germany, the prevalence of obesity continue to rise in many parts of the world. In view of the obesity epidemic as a global and public health concern, this paper aims at discussing the etiology, assessment, prognosis and treatment of obesity.
The etiology and treatment of obesity have been a little to the disappointment of researchers because the mechanisms that control homeostasis and adiposity in the body are incompletely understood (Mokdad, Ford & Bowman, 2003). It is thought that regulatory processes match the dietary fuel supply with energy requirements in order to maintain a stable body mass and adiposity. In the light of new evidence, it can be hypothesized that the control of body weight and composition depends on three interrelated and self controlled components which are; ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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