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However, there is no sense to look for roots of their problems in the past. Person-oriented therapy does not focus on the roots of problems as well.
Person-oriented therapy is suitable for those who lack communication and attention of other people. Client occupies active position in the course of person-oriented therapy sessions. Therapist’s task is to provide guidance and show sympathy. Relationships between therapist and client may sometimes predetermine eventual result of the therapy. The role of these relationships in Gestalt therapy is important as well. That is one of the similar features of both models of counselling.
Each therapy has its own strengths and weaknesses. Sometimes it is appropriate to combine techniques and principles of both of them. For example, such an alliance proved its efficiency while working with people suffering low self-esteem. However, there is a number of cases when only one approach may be applied.
Both client-centered and Gestalt models of counselling are practiced worldwide. Sometimes it is possible to hear a statement that these two therapies are rather different. However, detailed analysis of these two approaches gives a reason to consider this statement doubtful. It is possible to observe many similarities between them. The aim of the first part of this paper is to give general outline of each approach. Its second part compares and contrasts these two therapies. It is also shown how they may form an alliance. Finally, the third part shows in what cases both therapies may be applied.
The client-centered therapy was elaborated by Carl Rogers, an American psychologist, in 1951. Its founder preferred to call his approach as “client-oriented” in order to emphasise the role of a client in the course of therapy (Rogers, 1976). In other words, the client is considered to be free to speak about anything he or she wants. The role of client is now equal to the one of the
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Counselling can be applied to people with problems or psychological disorder in the form of sessions where the counsellor and the counselee make a talk and recall the source and effects of the past or the problem of the individual. Freud developed the thesis of the conscious and the unconscious mind where much of mental activity occurs but the unconscious mind is aware of it while the conscious mind is not.
Giving in to these judgements and prejudices can derail the counselling process; and the client's suffering could increase rather than reduce. When the counsellor and the client come from two different cultures; this potential problem increases multi-fold.
This counselling method assumes that emotional experience is derived from the judgments one perceives about a particular scenario they are involved in, leading to behaviour changes or maladjusted personality. In somewhat similar accord, humanistic psychology has a people-centred approach that deals significantly with relationships between people in the social environment.
His indication that he does not keep any of the cultural attributes of his Aborigine ethnicity is a sign that he does not feel attached to his culture or family members who would be the ones to inspire pride in his culture. My client also indicated that his parents abused drugs when he was a child and that he did not have the chance to complete his high school education.
Ethnicity and race.
Given the aforementioned realm, understanding the crux of counseling shall be made simple. It is an illusion if it is only considered in terms of a therapists' room, much on the footsteps of Freud wherein the client would rest on a sofa and the counselor would offer advice.
Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of understanding and compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty." (Albert Einstein quoted by Starbridge Centre, 2000-2009).
Clients in need of counselling most of the time are desperately looking a way out of that prison, and counsellers should help them unlock the doors of that jail.
Psychodynamic counselling is thus a model that utilises the various psychoanalytic concepts to explain human growth and development and the nature or causes of psychological problems. The model makes use of the therapeutic relationship (between counsellor and client), to gain useful insight into the unconscious relationship patterns that have evolved from childhood (Psychodynamic Theory and Therapy, 2006).
The author states that the skill and abilities of a person are clearly understood in Person Centered Model. It is a process which involves various steps. First the problem of the person must be analyzed. Then counseling is conducted to find out his feelings and emotions. Likes and dislikes are also known.
I felt good that I would have to share whatever information I had with the group, but I was also wondering how I was going to do that exactly given that I did not know what people would
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