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Gestalt Therapy and Its Direct Relationship to Gestalt Psychology - Research Paper Example

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This research paper is a study of the history of Gestalt psychology and its influence on Gestalt therapy. It provides insight into what the individual may need to understand when dealing with therapy issues. Gestalt therapy is a model that some people have found difficult to use…
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Gestalt Therapy and Its Direct Relationship to Gestalt Psychology
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Download file to see previous pages Gestalt psychology was one of the theories that came to fruition as behaviourism began to diminish. Gestalt psychologists realized that humans were complex and breaking their behaviour into smaller parts did not work well. To Gestalt psychologists, consciousness was very important to studying behaviour (Schultz and Schultz, 2004). Gestalt psychologists believed that the mind was able to, through its perception, can create an entire experience. This idea was promoted by Immanuel Kant and later promoted and expanded by other psychologists. In looking at this train of thought, Gestalt psychologists believed that when an individual sees an object, they make a perception of that object that does not change even when their perception of the object may change. These two early ideas would begin to form the foundation for Gestalt therapy. Henry James promoted the idea of consciousness and felt that it was "artificial abstractions" (Schultz and Schultz, 2004, p. 361). He acknowledged that people did not see an object as a series of small parts, but as an entire object. Eventually, a major concept of Gestalt psychology, phenomenology, would become a concept that would carry over into Gestalt therapy. Max Wertheimer is credited with the start of Gestalt psychology and his work grew out of a research study he conducted with the help of Koffka and Kohler. Wertheimer called this phenomenon, phi phenomenon. When other psychologists questioned him, he stated that movement did not have to be explained because it could not be categorized into smaller parts (Schultz and Schultz, 2004). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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