Psychology true learning - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The essay "Psychology true learning" explores what is Psychology. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (2000) defines the word learning as “the act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.2% of users find it useful
Psychology true learning
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Psychology true learning"

Psychology Running head: PSYCHOLOGY Psychology in APA Style of College or Corporation)

Psychology 2

TO: (Reader's Name and Job Title)
FROM: (Your Nam and Job Title)
DATE: (Complete and Current Date)
SUBJECT: (What the memo is about, highlighted in some way)

In an effort to define learning and to address what exactly true learning is or is

not, we must examine the various types of learning. The types of learning that will be

discussed in this memo include classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and

observational learning and then compare them.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
(2000) defines the word learning as "the act, process, or experience of gaining
knowledge or skill; knowledge or skill gained through schooling or study; behavioral
modification especially through experience or conditioning. True learning is to gain
something, particularly a skill or more knowledge, and to change one's behavior due to
experience or conditioning. The word conditioning, according to the Merriam-Webster
Online Dictionary (2005-2006), means to adapt, modify, or mold so as to conform to an
environing culture; to modify so that an act or response previously associated with one
stimulus becomes associated with another.
The opposite has to happen to achieve no learning. What would be considered as
NOT learning is the inability or unwillingness to gain more knowledge and skills and
not having the ability or willingness to change one's behavior due to past experience
and conditioning.
Conditional learning is learning via our reaction to the environment around us.
Psychology 3

Stimulants which we are used to cause us to react in a certain way and then they
become habits; therefore, conditioning us to react, think, behave, and do in a certain
way. The classic example of this is quoted in Introduction to Learning (n.d.), "In the
1890's Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, was observing the production of saliva by dogs
as they were fed when he noticed that saliva was also produced when the person who
fed them appeared (without food)But Pavlov carefully observed and measured one
small part of the process. He paired a sound, a tone, with feeding his dogs so that the
tone occurred several times right before and during the feeding. Soon the dogs salivated
to the tone, something like they did to the food (1 above). They had learned a new
connection: tone with food or tone with saliva response.
Braslau-Schneck (1998) states that operant conditioning "forms an association
between a behavior and a consequence. (It is also called response-stimulus or RS
conditioning because it forms an association between the animal's response [behavior]
and the stimulus that follows [consequence])." There are consequences to our
behaviours. With young children, like animals who do not have verbal skills, the
consequences must be immediate.
My own experience is with my nephew. I could never get him to keep his seatbelt
on no matter how hard I tried. The one day I decided to try something new. As I was
pulling out of the drive way, I gently tapped on the brake just enough to let shaken him
in his seat. He did not get hurt but was startled. Then I explained to him why it is
important to wear a seatbelt and if that were a real wreck or a sudden stop, how he
Psychology 4

could be severely hurt. He nodded his head and understood fully. I have never had to
ask him to keep his seatbelt on from that moment on.
Observational learning, or social learning theory, is learning by observing a model
and viewing the consequences and behavior of the model. The observer will watch a
model perform a talent or do a job and if the model receives a reward, or a good
consequence, the observer will most likely continue doing the same. If the model
receives punishment, or a bad consequence, most likely, the observer will not repeat
this course of action.
In summary, I believe that all three types of learning goes on and sometimes
simultaneously. I believe that observational learning happens automatically with
people, especially younger children. I also believe that observational learning in
combination with adult-assisted operant learning is the best route to take with
children. In reality, with every action comes a consequence, whether it is good or bad,
so we should teach them real life while they are young.


Braslau-Schneck, S. (1998). An Animal Trainer's Introduction To Operant and Classical
Conditioning. Retrieved January 19, 2006, from

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
(2000). Houghton Mifflin Company. Retrieved January 19, 2006, from

Introduction to Learning (n.d.). Psychological Self Help (Chapter Four). Retrieved

January 19, 2006, from

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (2005-2006). Merriam-Webster, Inc. Retrieved
January 19, 2006, from Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Psychology true learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Psychology true learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Psychology True Learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Psychology True Learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Psychology True Learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Psychology true learning

Psychology of language learning

...with the person one is communicating with as well as finding meaning to new information gained from the conversation in order to progress to more and deeper topics. In view of this, the Cognitive and Socio-cultural theories of language learning should go hand-in-hand. References Ausubel, David. A. (1968) Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston 1968. Beaty, J.J. (2009), 50 Early childhood literacy strategies, Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, pp. 54-55. Benson McMullen, M. (1998) 'Thinking before doing: A giant toddler step on the road to literacy', Young Children, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 65-70 Brown, H. Douglas., Principles of Language...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Psychology of language learning

..., but a language that they have acquired later in life. In this context, learning second language may sound easy; the fact, however, is that this kind of language learning is a complex process, and many people who have studied another language found such an objective very difficult, even impossible (Gardner: 2010). They suggest that individual differences (ID) can affect the success of L2 learning and acquisition. Although one can surmise that individual differences are those which make any person unique, psychology takes on a more specific definition: “ID constructs refer to dimensions of enduring personal characteristics that are assumed to apply to everybody and on...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Cognitive Learning and Affective Learning Outcomes

...treatment are primary factors for ethical behavior and ensuring that treatment is provided effectively. The researcher or psychologist must be careful not to make hasty diagnoses without consulting appropriate research studies or peer assistance in expert fields of psychology. Continued learning is also assisted through access to research studies, such as experiments and observational research in multiple domains. Self-awareness and personal development include emotional intelligence, or the level to which the researcher understands their own motivations, needs, and ability to function well in complex social environments. The authentic self, true values, beliefs and feelings (Weis &...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Psychology of language learning

...or learning success. It has been argued and demonstrated that individual differences (ID) can affect the success of L2 learning and acquisition. With these differences, the psychology of individuals takes on a very significant meaning: "ID constructs refer to dimensions of enduring personal characteristics that are assumed to apply to everybody and on which people differ by degree" [Dornyei, 2005, 4]. Individual differences constitute traits that may be used to categorize people but, when examined more thoroughly, they can be seen as markedly different from one person to the next. Some of the major or most significant variables that cause differences, include age, intelligence,...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Psychology of Learning

...? Psychology of Learning In the psychology of learning, a combination of stimulus- response theories can be used to explain why people respond to stimulus and how this can help in the learning process. This paper will focus on how classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and neobehaviorism are applicable in various real lives. Introduction In the psychology of learning, behavioral psychology is highly applicably in several ways. This involves the study of human behavior, which helps develop theories that explain why people respond to various stimuli and how this knowledge can be applied in the...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Psychology of Learning

...of the misconcepted idea. Robbie experiences a concept conflict, which, instead of leading to a process of new knowledge constructing, due to the mothers' attitude and approach, ends in a kind of defensive position demonstrated in his determination not to give up his beliefs, resembling the kind of assimilative peer interaction known as 'stonewalling' (Chan et al., 1997). However, the strategy Robbie applies to comprehend the new information is not only assimilation, that is direct adding of new concepts, but also metacognition, because he managed to reflect on his own learning and put conscious efforts in accommodating the novel information within his personal system of knowledge.. The mother's behavior causes a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study


... behaviorism. American Journal of Psychology 113.2 (June 2000): 275-301. PsycINFO. EBSCO. Neman Library, NY, NY. 13 Nov. 2008. Available from: <true&db=psyh&AN=2000-12389-006&site=ehost-live>. [Accessed 27 August, 2009]. Grippin, P. & Peters, S. ,(1984). Learning Theory and Learning Outcomes. Lanham, Md. : University Press of America. Winn, W., & Snyder, D. (1996). Cognitive perspectives in psychology. In D.H. Jonassen (Ed.), Handbook for research for educational communications and technology (pp. 112-142). New York: Simon & Schuster Macmillan.... In the fast changing socio-psychological paradigms of the contemporary environment, the learning processes have become more intricate and need to be focused to understand the complexity of the issues and situations, therein. In the fast changing environment of globalization and changing socio-cultural paradigms, people in general, are finding it a bit difficult to adjust within the changing societal values. Various approaches of learning therefore, become an important tool and platform to make appropriate adjustment within the given paradigm, to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Learning using Observational Psychology

...Observational learning is one of the principle characteristics of learning described by behaviorists. We are always learning and processing stimuli that we can sense. As a result, this information gets stored in pathways which effects our memories, behaviors, actions, etc. As children, observational learning is the primary way in which we learn and process new information. As we get older, different types of learning take over and become more predominant, however observational learning persists throughout the entire lifespan. One way in particular I have learned how to do things is through being a server...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Psychology and service learning

...Psychology and Service Learning Psychology and Service Learning Service learning is a form of volunteer work and it encompasses relevant community service and class instruction. It also concentrates on personal reflection on the individual in order to gain critical thinking in understanding his or her community. Consequently, this strengthens the person’s civic engagement and other forms of personal responsibility essential in meaningful existence. However, there is a direct relationship between service learning and psychology in regards to formulating the right attitudes, stereotypes, and beliefs. It implies that the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Clinical Psychology; Learning Disorders

...Clinical Psychology; Learning Disorders INTRODUCTION During the initial phases of life, children often face varied difficulties with regards to writing along with reading and mathematics. Due to the persistence of these problems, children often are not able to conduct further studies (WGBN Educational Foundation, “Misunderstood Minds”). THESIS STATEMENT The prime intent of this essay is to reflect own experience and discuss about the difficulties that face by individuals who are diagnosed with the learning disorders like writing along with reading and mathematics. DISCUSSION Reading. One of the reading activities, which tend to impose significant impact on the education of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Psychology true learning for FREE!

Contact Us