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Developmental Psychology - Essay Example

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The writer of the paper "Developmental Psychology" detailed discusses one theory of cognitive development that was presented by Vygotsky. The author analyzes it on the example of own life and tells about own experience of overcoming developmental issues…
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Developmental Psychology
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Download file to see previous pages Consequently, the history of the society in which a child is reared and the child's personal history are crucial determinants of the way in which that individual will think. In this process of cognitive development, language is a crucial tool for determining how the child will learn how to think because advanced modes of thought are transmitted to the child by means of words. Vygotsky's theory rings true for the early years of my life. It is well known that what a child learns when he is young will hold true for him when he grows older. This was true for me as well, as could be expected for anyone. While there were no major milestones in my childhood that I can remember right offhand, I do recall one that occurred at the age of 10. This is when I reached puberty, having started menstruation for the first time and starting towards my adult life. This is a very trying time for a young female, as it separates her life from childhood into adulthood. Everything within her changes both emotionally and physically, not to mention mentally. It changes the very way she thinks and lives. She begins to lose interest in childhood delights such as toys and play, and she begins to notice boys and exceed them in their maturity levels and interests. It is, indeed, the time that the child takes what she learned when she was young and carries it on into adulthood, as is carefully referenced in Vygotsky's aforementioned theory. Piaget also had a theory that worked with children's development. In fact, his ideas have often been used in the field of education and in forming educational theories and forming the basis for the curricula within schools themselves. One key thought of his involved, as the milestone described above, maturation. He believed that this event allowed a child to understand the world around him and that, until a child reaches maturity, he or she is simply unable to understand certain things. He even proposed certain developmental time frames at which a child's psychological abilities take off: 18 months, 7 years, and 11 years. As previously mentioned, the only one of these time frames that I recall was my reaching of puberty at age 10, which correlates with the approximate 11 year time frame that Piaget proposed with his psychological writings (Piaget, Inhelder, and Weaver, 1972). Not long after my maturation phase, I reached another milestone in my life. My sister died of a heart attack in 1985. This was a very difficult time for my family and I to endure. We grieved tremendously and were not sure how to deal with this horrible event or move on. This is where grief theories that have been proposed by psychologists came into play. The five stages of grief that are often proposed are "disbelief, yearning, anger, depression, and acceptance" (Forbes, 2007, pg. 1). As I grew older, however, I noticed a slightly different reaction to additional events in my life that caused grief. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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