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Personal Larning Theory - Essay Example

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Personal Learning Theory, what is it and how can it relate with Erikson's Theory and how would Personal Learning Theory with Erikson's Theory be used in a classroom with ages 3 to 7 years old with autism and deafness
In education and psychology learning and the understanding of the learning process helps to understand why people behave the way they do…
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Download file to see previous pages Constructivism considers learning as a process in which the learner builds new ideas or concepts based upon current and past knowledge. Constructivist learning is a very personal endeavor, where by internalized concepts, rules, and general principles may consequently be applied in a practical real world context. According to this theory, the teacher acts as a facilitator who encourages students to find principles for themselves and to construct knowledge by working to solve realistic problems, usually in collaboration with others. This collaboration is also known as knowledge construction as a social process. Some benefits of this social process are: 1) Students can work to clarify and organize their ideas, so they can voice them to others. 2) It gives them opportunities to elaborate on what they learned. 3) They are exposed to the views of others. 4) It enables them to discover flaws and inconsistencies (Ormrod, 2003, p.232).
Well, there are key points of this theory: constructivists believe that learning is constructed by a student through two processes - the resolution of conflict and reflection about theory. Discovery learning is preferred over expository teaching. The learner determines the best way of learning, and that learning should not be externally determined and controlled. Discovery learning increases motivation to learn, and also produces better long-term memory.
Cognitive theorists such as Jean Piaget and David Ausubel, and others, were concerned with the changes in a student's understanding that result from learning and with the fundamental importance of the environment. Constructivism itself has many variations, such as Generative Learning, Cognitive Apprenticeship, Problem-Based (Inquiry) Learning, Discovery Learning, situated learning. Constructivism promotes a student's free exploration within a given framework or structure. So, this theory considers that learning must be meaningful. Cognitive learning is based on schemata or mental structures by which students organize their perceived environment. Schematic structures of cognitive development change by the process of assimilation and accommodation.
Behaviorism is a system of thought which hold that only strictly observable phenomena are worthy of psychological study. Behaviorism in an educational theory grounded on the works of B.F.Skinner and Ivan Pavlov, both scientists well known for their studies in animal behavior. Behaviorists believe that organisms need reinforcements to keep them interested and that the use of stimuli can be very effective in controlling behavior. Due to this theory environment shapes behavior, and complex learning requires a series of small, progressive steps. In education behaviorism defines learning process as follows: a)diagnose student's behavior; b)establish a sequence of reinforces steps, or remove reinforcement that is producing negative behavior, to move the student to the desired behavior; c)wait for the desired response, and reinforce it ("Learning and Learning theory").
In behaviorism theory of learning concerned with observable behavior, learning is defined as nothing more than the acquisition of new behavior.
A key to getting students actively implicated in learning lies in understanding of learning style preferences, which can positively or negatively influence a student's performance. It has also been shown that adjusting teaching materials to meet the needs of a variety of learning styles ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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