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Neuropsychology - Case Study Example

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Psychic symptoms or definite mental syndromes do not arise as a result of tumor of the temporal lobe, rather it may be emphasized that, psychic syndromes very rarely result from damage of a circumscribed part of the brain, but always as a functional damage of the brain as a whole…
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Download file to see previous pages Psychic symptoms or definite mental syndromes do not arise as a result of tumor of the temporal lobe, rather it may be emphasized that, psychic syndromes very rarely result from damage of a circumscribed part of the brain, but always as a functional damage of the brain as a whole. If the clinical symptoms are analyzed along with their connections with focal lesions, one can reach a conclusion that specific neuron groups from specific brain areas play greater part in specific brain activities. Better characterization of a temporal lobe tumor and prediction of prognosis of such a tumor after the appropriate therapy is instituted. It can be accomplished by paying more
attention to the symptoms, such as, fits comprising of hallucinations, visual hallucinations, dreamy state, automatism, psychomotor equivalent, temporal lobe epilepsy; changes in personality; disordered mood; schizoform psychosis; parietal mental symptoms; and psycho-organic symptoms.Temporal lobes underlie the temporal bone. The temporal cortex is also termed as temporal lobes. Neurologically, these lobes, right and left respectively, serve as part of the verbal cortex. Apart from this, the temporal lobe handles many other actions necessary for day to day life. This lobe shares borders with occipital and parietal lobes, but the actual boundaries are very difficult to discern. Neural projections from thalamus and cortex enter this lobe....
Functionally, the temporal lobe is divided into
two parts, dominant and nondominant. The dominant side is usually the left lobe that
conducts perception of words, processing of language as it relates to verbal expressions,
sequential analysis, and perception of speech. It is also the centre of intermediate- and
long-term memory, complex memory, auditory learning, retrieval of words, and visual
and auditory processing (Bernstein, J.H., Prather, P.A., and Rey-Casserly, C., 1995).
Focusing our attention to the patient who has been referred for a proven temporal
lobe lesion, one can expect any to all of the symptoms that may happen as a result of the
left temporal lobe tumor. These symptoms may include, decreased verbal memory for
words, lists, or stories; difficulty or inability to place words or pictures in discrete
categories; disability to understand the contextual significance of word; internally or
externally driven aggressiveness; dark or violent thoughts; sight sensitivity; mild
paranoia; problems with word finding; emotional destability; auditory processing
problems; and reading difficulties. This patient may as well have temporal lobe
personality, that is, they become egocentric, hyper-religious, may have aggressive
outbursts, overemphasis on trivial things, and pedantic speech. Emotional instability is a
very prominent feature of these patients, and frequently, they experience fluctuations in
mood with inconsistency or unpredictability, and their behaviour becomes quite erratic.
These have prominent psychosocial implications since mild paranoia or irritation or
hypersensitivity to trivial things may cause serious problems in work or social relations.
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