Nobody downloaded yet

Human Computer Interaction Theories - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Human- computer interaction (HCI) is the study of how people interact with computing technology. Certain central aspects of computers are as much a function of the nature of human beings as of the nature of the computers themselves. The relevance of both computer science and psychology to the design of programming languages and the interface is easy to argue, but psychological considerations enter into more topics in computer science than is usually realized.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
Human Computer Interaction Theories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Human Computer Interaction Theories"

Download file to see previous pages New technologies continuously challenge HCI researchers with new options, as do the demands of new audiences and uses. A variety of usability methods have been developed that draw upon psychological principles. HCI research has expanded beyond its roots in the cognitive processes of individual users to include social and organizational processes involved in computer usage in real environments as well as the use of computers in collaboration. HCI researchers need to be mindful of the longer-term changes brought about by the use of computing in a variety of venues. One major area of work in the field focuses on the design of computer systems. The goal is to produce software and hardware that is useful, usable, and aesthetically pleasing. A closely aligned area is the evaluation of systems in use. This is related to design, because to know if a design is useful or usable requires observing it in use. However, this also extends to the study of the larger social consequences of use. Increasingly, evaluation takes place at multiple levels of analysis: the individual, the group, the organization, and the industry or societal sector. (The Psychology of Human-Computer Interaction. Contributors: Stuart K. Card - author, Thomas P. Moran - author, Allen P. Newell - editor. Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Place of Publication)
The methodological and conceptual issues at these different levels of evaluation are quite different. Psychologists are typically most interested in the smaller levels of aggregation, attempted to provide a largely psychological account of the "productivity paradox," a phenomenon first identified by economists who found a disappointing lack of correlation between the amount of money invested in information technology and changes in industry productivity measures.
Activity Theory
Activity theory (AT) is a method of organizing observations and a source of explanation. The concepts of this theory cluster around activity (conscious, practical, goal-directed human endeavors) and mediation (acts produce effects only through the help of culturally constructed tools). The concepts of activity and mediation provide insight into the co development of practice and technology through researcher's narrative accounts of the connections between purposeful activity and computer interfaces. Ascension of AT, has readily overcome a current crisis in HCI. The crisis was portrayed as a malaise induced by the impotence of HCI in actual design. HCI has been on the sidelines for most user interface breakthroughs, often offering only a running commentary on why the winners won and losers lost. HCI has been "unable to penetrate the human side of the interface".
According to Nardi, "A powerful and clarifying tool, rather than a strongly predictive theory". AT seeks to understand everyday practice within a broad historical and cultural context.
The central concept and basic unit of analysis of AT, is activity. An activity is a coherent, stable, relatively long-term endeavor directed to a definite goal or "object." Examples include tribal hunting, software development, and financial management. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Human Computer Interaction Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1520824-human-computer-interaction-theories
(Human Computer Interaction Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/psychology/1520824-human-computer-interaction-theories.
“Human Computer Interaction Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1520824-human-computer-interaction-theories.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Human Computer Interaction Theories

Human computer interaction

...?Bewley The involved are all renowned ities on user interface design and are pioneers in this field. A major part of the design processof the “Star” workstation was the user interface. Human cognition was taken as the base guideline and three human factors were experimented with. Selection scheme tests showed the amount of buttons and kind of pointing device to select text. Icon tests showed the optimal shapes for recognition. Graphics tests showed that the line drawings interface needed revision. The focus was on basic users of computers who relied on recognition largely. The system was to be kept as simple as possible so that learning did not pose much of a problem. The studies conducted were largely qualitative in design except... ...
15 Pages(3750 words)Annotated Bibliography

Human-Computer Interaction

...and provide the user with tools to accomplish everyday tasks. These applications are tailor-made for their specific task and are rigorously passed through a battery of tests and evaluations to ensure their 100% efficiency with they reach the end user. Because human-computer interaction studies a human and a machine in conjunction, it draws from supporting knowledge on both the machine and the human side. On the machine side, techniques in computer graphics, operating systems, programming languages, and development environments are relevant. On the human side, communication theory, graphic and industrial...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Human Computer Interaction

...? Human Computer Interactions Document In each and every year of the Yahoo website, the pages are filled with a list of links to content-rich pages in the site. From 1999 to 2010, the Yahoo menu page incorporated enough links on the menu page to lead users to other more informative and content-rich pages. In addition to this, enough information about each link is shown to enable the user to choose well. As a matter of fact, no other significant content is shown on the page. From what I have seen on the Yahoo websites ranging from 1999 to 2010, the company did a very good job in creating a menu page that is not only interactive but also informative (Barrier 20). From 1999...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Human Computer Interaction

...? Human Computer Interaction Human Computer Interaction One of my personal incidents that would go to my black book regards a case when I was adversely affected by computer failure during a presentation in class. In fact, this problem brought significant stress and anxiety, since we could no longer proceed with the presentation after this incidence. Furthermore, this was frustrating to my fellow group members given that we had spent a lot of time and commitment in order to complete the assignment. According to findings obtained from re-examination assumptions, the computer may have crashed due to infection by malicious viruses, which are designed to destroy valuable or bring a system to a halt (Ludwig, 1996). The other assumption... since...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Human Computer Interaction

...and retrieval as they affect interactions among humans and other elements of a system. Relevant topics include mental workload, vigilance, decision-making, skilled performance, human error, human-computer interaction, and training. Organizational ergonomics, or macro ergonomics, is concerned with the optimization of sociotechnical systems, including their organizational structures, policies, and processes. Relevant topics include shift work, scheduling, job satisfaction, motivational theory, supervision, teamwork, telework and ethics. Applications The more than twenty technical subgroups within the HFES...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Human Computer Interaction in Computing

...is to firstly cover the processes and methodologies used in designing interfaces. Then the methods used for implementing these interfaces will be discussed and listed. Next the techniques for evaluating and comparing these interfaces will be analyzed, followed by information on why it is necessary to develop new interfaces and interaction techniques. Lastly the development of descriptive and predictive models and theories of interaction will be discussed. Interface Design Methodologies From the early 80's a number of different methodologies outlining techniques for human-computer interaction design has emerged. Most of these stemmed...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Human Computer Interaction

...HUMAN COMPUTER INTERACTION ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ Human computer interaction is an area concerned with the design, implementation and evaluation of interactive information systems for human use with study of their behavior and major phenomena surrounding them Preece et al. (1994, p. 48). Often, designers and HCI experts set out to create systems and specifically tailor them for people who have no disabilities at all; this makes the traditional HCI methods not suitable at all. They ignore the percentage of the population that is disabled in one way or another....
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Human computer interaction

...reactivity (Anderson and Bushman 490-491). Anderson and Bushman found that repeated exposure makes individuals feel less sympathy for violence victims and less affective reaction towards violence. They are less likely to perceive aggressive events or severe injuries. Moreover, individuals display an increasing normative belief about violence and decreasing negative attitudes towards violence (494-495). In conclusion, violent video games are the central contributors in promoting problems of violence in societies. As long as people repeatedly continue to interact with violent video games, the associated negative, cognitive, behavioral and affective effects shall not seize. Work Cited Carnage, L. Nicholas, Anderson, A....
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Human Computer Interaction

...HUMAN COMPUTER INTERACTION. 6) User Feedbacks on Domino Pizza and Heaven Pizza For Domino Pizza, the website has a solid domain . This is very important as customer’s are able to navigate through the website with ease. Domino Pizza has a clear identity as the logo is quite visible. It is friendly and interestive. The information available on the website precise and attractive.. This website has properly constructed web pages as it makes use of visual aids such as pictures of Pizza in the menus (Sarmento, 2005). The Domino Pizza website has good content that links that directly post the customer’s feedback to social sites and blogs such as Twitter and Facebook (Lazar, 2010). This will always keep the customers coming back... as they...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Human Computer Interaction

...Human Computer Interaction Introduction The human computer interaction has a major aim that is in the form of speech recognition. This demonstratesthe ability of an individual to talk to such machines in normal language. This even eliminates the need to communicate through artificial language or any form of mechanical devices. The factor of speech recognition has been beneficial for education, business, government and various other sectors. The voice recognition concept has enhanced in the recent years with more researchers and software engineers developing new products to support such concept. Discussion Importance of HCI HCI has evolved as a concept that facilitates taking into consideration the different needs of the users... to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Human Computer Interaction Theories for FREE!

Contact Us