Crime Theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This paper on crime theory has illustrated the extent to which the theory of Sutherland: differential association; through environmental, peer influence, and strain theory by Robert Agnew can prove the sources of criminal troubles of Jimmy and factors that may be important in his history to understand the reason for his criminal behavior…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.1% of users find it useful
Crime Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Crime Theory"

Download file to see previous pages The theories of Differential Association and Strain posited by Edwin Sutherland and Robert Agnew respectively, explains with clarity the source of an individual's criminal problem and factors that are vital to understand his criminal behavior. A perfect understanding of Jimmy's criminal behavior, would enable specific recommendations to be made to deter him quit delinquency.
Edwin Sutherland explains why any individual gravitates toward criminal behavior. (Sutherland, 1937) He argues that criminal behaviors are learned in the same way that all other behaviors are learned. Criminals learn criminal deviant behaviors such as motives, drives, rationalizations and attitudes. Deviance is not inherently a part of a particular individual's nature.
Further, he asserts a person's association with others who are delinquent will increase the likelihood of becoming and remaining delinquent. (Sutherland, 1974) In this view, peers can be crucial role models for the development of values and beliefs favorable to law violation. Though he agrees that strain has a part to play, he does not seek to know why people become criminals. From the foregoing, and in relation with the case in issue, his assumption on the one hand will be that the source of Jimmy's trouble is association; peer influence. This is evident with Jimmy's association with Bill in which he looks up to him. (Sutherland, 1974) He claims that incidents between Jimmy's mother and father and the strain that produced a negative relationship with his mother, are irrelevant when considering the source of his problem. As per his assumption, for example, although Jimmy had strain; a negative relationship in his house, he would not have been involved in the troubles he is involved in if he had no association with a person who has a deviant behavior and influence over him; (Bill). Therefore, even if strain; negative relationship was absent in Jimmy's home, he would have still had the problems he has since he had an association with Bill who has a deviant behavior. (Sutherland 1937)
Robert Agnew's disposition is that strain is the central in explaining the source of Jimmy's troubles. (Agnew, 1992) His emotions and immediate social environment has a lot to determine the source of his troubles. Strain emerges from negative relationships with others. If individuals are not treated in the way that they expect or want to be treated, they will lose their belief in the role others play for realizing expectations. Agnew, (1992) Anger and frustration confirm negative relationships and may persuade any individual to adopt deviant behavior. This will often involve more unilateral action because there will be a natural desire to avoid unpleasant rejections, confirming more general separation. Thus, Robert Agnew assumption in this case will be that the source of Jimmy's troubles are as a result of strain in the form of Anger accumulated due to incidents that occurred in his home from when he was 7 years old, strain developed because of negative relationship with his mother, and neglect his mother. She was always hostile when at home and berated him as worthless.
Moreover, in an attempt to determine the factors in Jimmy's life that are important to understand his behavior Edwin Sutherland will dwell on what he termed peer influences among deviant ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Crime Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Crime Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from
(Crime Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
Crime Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words.
“Crime Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Self Control Theory of Crime

...?Social Control and Conflict Theory of Crime Social Control Theory Social control theories of crime claim that criminal behavior can be attributed tothe absence of social ties which promote lawful behavior. Elements such as norms, values and beliefs are central to explaining why people do or do not commit crime as opposed to motivational theories (Jensen, 2003). Reiss viewed criminal behavior as the consequence of failed “personal and social controls” (1951, p.127). When personal controls fail, individuals stop seeking ways to meet their needs which are consistent with community norms and rules. When social controls fail,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Developmental Crime Theory

...Developmental Crime theory Introduction Crime is a common phenomenon that has existed both in the past and in the present societies. Criminal activities are generally antisocial and unhealthy for peaceful and harmonious co-existence of individuals in a given society. Crimes have led to loss of lives and breaking of initially enjoyed relationships within the particular societies. In attempts to study, analyze and classify crimes, various philosophers have come up with integral theories to help understand causes, effects, and prevention of crimes with the societies. One such theory is the Developmental...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Self-Control Theory of Crime Evaluation

...? Self-Control Theory of crime Evaluation Task: Self-Control Theory of crime Evaluation   Criminal theories are fundamental in understanding the persistence of crime and the counteractive actions. Social control theory focuses on the behaviors that children develop as they interact with their parents. These behaviors determine the likelihood of their committing crimes when they become adults. Concurrently, conflict theory focuses on the occurrence of crime based on the social and political variance. Positive reinforcement of both theories can reduce...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The General Theory of Crime

...The General Theory of Crime In terms of crime's general theory of action, Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) argue that all crimes occur because they are chosen. They say that there is significant variation in the extent to which people choose to act offensively or recklessly based on their underlying "criminality". This criminality or impulsiveness is an individual property characterized by several things: the need for immediate gratification of desires, the utilization of simple means ("money without work, sex without courtship, revenge without court delays"), preferences for exciting, thrilling, or risky activities, little interest in long term...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Crime and Theory

...Crime and Theory Until about three decades ago, conflict among couples, even when it involved violence was judged basically as a private matter, beyond the range of government interference. Conflict has a number of different meanings and effects. Certainly, in many existing marriages, chances for conflict have augmented because there are no longer any apparent gender policies to follow as a result, couples need to discuss with each other continuously to decide who does what, when and how. A lot of high conflict marriages, however, do not end in divorce, and many divorces are not the outcome of conflict. One current longitudinal study found that in just one third of divorces with children were the couples...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Social Learning Theory and Crime

...Social Learning Theory and Crime appears here] of appears here] This analytical essay presents informationabout the Social Learning Theory, its history and how it explains people’s motives behind committing crime. The bibliography appends seven sources in APA format. Outline I. Introduction II. History III. Motives of People Behind Committing Crime IV. Conclusion Introduction The theory that has been taken under consideration goes by the name of “Social Learning Theory” which is an extremely well-known theory that explains how people acquire certain behavior. The theory...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Broken windwo theory in crime

...Broken window theory in crime According to Maahs & Vito (pp.306), the broken window theory was proposed by James Wilson and George Kelling. This theory works on the grounds that, in an attempt to understand the social disorders that are prevalent in the society, the basis of setting norms must be understood. Among the social orders highlighted by these two analysts are vandalism, disorders in the urban areas as well as petty crimes in the society. Thess, according to the proponents of the theory, can be termed as anti-social behaviors. Maahs & Vito (pp.306) indicate that the broken window theory implies that unvarying...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Theory of Conservative Crime

...Crime Control Strategies Introduction The aspect of increased and sophisticated modes of criminal activities in the 21st century has affected many societies (Mackey, pg. 23). This has created the need to formulate and implement strategies geared towards reducing crime; however in order to implement these strategies, there has been a need to understand various aspects of crime using different concepts. One of the concepts that have been applied to facilitate the understanding of crime is the theory of conservative crime. This has been majorly applied in the United States and it is based on various assumptions i.e. crime...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Crime and Social Learning Theory

...Crime and Social Learning Theory ABSTRACT This paper mentions about the social learning theory which is basically studying the behavior of the criminals in context of a society and introspecting deeply their internal processing as an individual. This paper looks how Sears and Bandura , the theologist of this theory approach the criminal psychology of an individual in context of a society. Here two journals are studied where one favors and other rejects the social learning theory . Also the aggressive factor and the “Bobo Doll Experiment” are studied with the help of journal compiled by Hart and Kritsonic. Crime and Social Learning...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Biosocial Theory of Crime

...Biosocial Theory of Crime Summary Biosocial criminology theory is an emerging perspective that tries to relate crime and of antisocial behaviors with the environmental factors and genetic of a person who engages in crime. Description and postulation According to Bryant, T. (2009), the theory postulates that biosocial factors directly influence antisocial behaviors and crime. The view of this theory is that individuals will engage in unlawful act not by choice, but because of the influence of their immediate surroundings. A child born in in areas with highj prevalence of criminal activities will most...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Crime Theory for FREE!

Contact Us