Imprisonment of criminals plays a crucial role in deterring them from repeating the crime as the punishment is severe and makes them not to commit the crimes again. It also acts as a lesson to other people who may be in the same line of crime, and ensures that they do not commit…
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The Deterrence Theory explains that punishing the criminal will make them not to repeat the crime, and will discourage the public from being engaged in similar criminal activities. On this base, it follows that the level of punishment should match the impacts of the crime in question. Certainty operates in Deterrence Theory in that when people are accused of a crime, they must be punished to avert repetition of the crime (Vito, Maahs, and Holmes, 66). Severity implies that punishment because of a crime should be as severe as the affects it had on those it affected. Severity relates to deterrence theory in that criminals should be punished in accordance to the crimes they did, and the punishment should stop them from repeating the crime. Celerity refers to the speed at which punishment is given to a criminal, and it operates in Deterrence Theory in that criminals should be punished as soon as they commit the crime so that their memory is still fresh of the actions they committed.
The most significant of the three is certainty as it refers to the surety that a criminal will be caught and be punished (Wright, pp 5). Severity and celerity would not be in existence if certainty did not operate since if the criminals were not caught and punishment would not be guaranteed. This stops people from engaging in crime since they know the consequence of their actions is punishment.
Persistent thieves do not operate in accordance to crime as choice model since they know the consequence, which is punishment to stop them from repeating the crime, and they still engage in theft (Vito, Maahs, and Holmes, 69). Increasing the length of jail terms for criminals who have been caught stealing under the influence of drugs will be crucial in their correction since they will be deterred from repeating the crime. In most cases, they steal because they want to buy the
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It is a way to reinforce justice and peace within communities. Law has historically been known to have existed as a means to control and prevent unacceptable public behavior and safeguard the interests of the citizens. The absence of law threatens to disrupt the social fabric of the communities we live in and push the society towards complete anarchy and chaos (Roth, 2010).
The theory is based on the argument that individuals will always look at the gains and losses associated with an activity before being involved in that activity. Using the argument the theory proposes that crime rates could reduce when risks of the crime is increased by imposing severe punishments.
It is thought that by imposing punishment through a clearly written law, people will be deterred from committing crimes and their acts will be shaped according to a desired behavior that will produce an efficient society. Its efficacy as deterrence to crime, however, has been debated for its conception since the 1700s by moral philosophers such as Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham.
Robert states that the deserve for wealth has highly been embraced in many states for instance Americans have specific cultural norms which lead to victory and a criminal act like anomic suicide is associated to a failure to
Perspectives in criminology have kept pace with sociology and psychology in particular, recognizing both the role of society and individuals in crime, victimization and punishment (Jackson, 2004). The role of individuals and society in criminality is one of the means to compare and differentiate criminological theories.
The definition by Stevenson (1994: p.120), as quoted in the Information Note (1997-98) of the Provisional Legislative Council Secretariat is as follows:
“Freedom of the press is the right to speak, broadcast, or publish without prior restraint by or permission of the
The author states that deterrence theory dated back in the fourteenth century from the works of a classical philosopher like Hobbes and Bentham. These theorists objected the widespread practices by Europeans, and the spirituality of crimes that formed the basis of the traditions. They developed the basis for modern deterrence theories.
The retribution theory explains that similar offenses should have similar charges. The analogy of retaliation features in the principle. Aspects of revenge are relevant to the principle because individuals may attack their
This is a practice adopted by criminal law that seeks to discourage criminal offenders from repeating their crimes, and those in society from attempting to commit any crimes. This is achieved by instilling fear within people that they will be apprehended and brought to justice if they engaged in any criminal activity.
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