Clarkes Situational Crime Prevention Theory - Research Paper Example

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The paper describes the nature and methods of social crime prevention approach. In the United Nations, “social development is considered as one of the three components that define development, together with economic growth and environmental protection”…
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Clarkes Situational Crime Prevention Theory
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Download file to see previous pages Professor James Midgley, in his paper on globalisation and social development defines social development as: “The social development perspective insists on the integration of economic and social policy and gives expression to two axioms: first, it requires that economic development should be inclusive, integrated, and sustainable and bring benefits to all; and secondly, it proposes that social welfare should be investment oriented, seeking to enhance human capacities to participate in the productive economy” (Midgley, 2007, p.22). In keeping with the United Nations definition of social development, Ellsworth in his work “Advances in social ecology: journeys in crime prevention, community policing and social development” has identified social development as “social good” (Ellsworth, 2002, p.3) based on the notion of social, economic and environmental capital. Consideration and promotion of social justice are central to social perspectives on development. The creation of social policy is a key instrument. However, the development and implementation of social policy present many difficulties, since most social issues are value-related. This is probably why “social development is most often defined by reference to specific social problems” (United Nations, 2010, para. 2), including the problems of crime prevention. One cannot develop a shared meaning with reference to social development without dealing with the concept of building community capacity or social capital. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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