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Attention Deficit Disorder in children - Research Paper Example

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The paper examines the nature of Attention Deficit Disorder and how it differs from the often associated disorder of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder or Hyperkinetic Disorder. The condition is examined for its diagnosis, the treatments available and coping mechanisms, and for the problem that it causes for those suffering with it in the context of social interactions. …
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Attention Deficit Disorder in children
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Download file to see previous pages Attention Deficit Disorder is a problem of focus. Scientific research has shown that two neurotransmitters are not being efficiently used which leads to the individual not being able to create sufficient focus. ADD is likely based in the anterior portion of the brain as it relates to executive reason through frontal lobe dysfunction (Kennedy, 2010). The management systems in the brain are chemically unable to focus on those things that the child or adult with the disorder need to attend. One of the problems of the disorder is that while paying attention to things that are interesting is possible, those who are suffering cannot focus on those things that are required. Symptoms can include a persistent feeling of distraction, information is not ever fully processed so pieces are missing, there are spatial issues which mean not understanding some parts of grammar or phonetics and decision making is a very difficult problem which either comes with making decisions too quickly or not quickly enough. The issue is not that there is a lack of wanting to focus, but not having the physical capacity to focus on those things that do not have established interest. The chemistry of the brain does not manage the concept of focus well without the aspect of interest. (Brown, 2005). Attention Deficit Disorder is a problem with definition. Defining the disorder has been an ongoing process since it was first identified in 1901 with descriptions that included behavioral issues as well as a lack of attention in the classroom. The DSM-V has changed the criteria for Attention Deficit Disorder, but more importantly has re-identified it as a neurodevelopmental disorder rather than one associated with oppositional defiance disorder or conduct disorders. The significance of this change is that it places it into a biologically treatable framework rather one that is treated on the basis of behaviors, which are often associated with the idea that there is a choice involved in how someone responds to their world (Jain, 2012). The three basic issues for the diagnosis of ADD are inattention, impulsivity and the presence of hyperactivity (Acton, 2013). Attention Deficit Disorder has had the feature of hyperactivity applied to it suggesting that the two disorders are similar. While many clinicians believe this to be the case, there is some evidence to suggest that they are two separate disorders and are not the same disorder with an added dimension. Children with ADD+H were often more lethargic and prone to more daydreaming than were children with ADD. ADD+H children often have more subsequent substance abuse later in life as a way to self-medicate their symptoms. In an examination of the two disorders, Barkley, DuPaul and McMurray (1990) found that there may be two separate disorders at work rather than one disorder with additional features. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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