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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children - Research Paper Example

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children ] Abstract Attention Deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children cannot be detected through any laboratory test because it is a psychological disorder. It was first noticed in 1980. ADHD occurs in childhood but its symptoms are found during adulthood too…
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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children
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Download file to see previous pages Treatment regime includes medications and psychotherapy or combination of both. Parent Management Training constitutes an important part of the ADHD treatment process. In the US, its societal cost is estimated between $36 and $50 billion annually. Introduction Attention Deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), sometimes also referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD) cannot be detected through any laboratory test because it is a kind of psychological disorder that may overlap with other psychological issues. The causes behind this disorder are unknown but it can be diagnosed and treated successfully. The third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders first time mentioned about ADD in 1980. Though ADHD is found to appear in childhood, its symptoms, to a certain extent, prevail in adulthood too. Also, it prevails more in boys than girls and found to be in every culture and community. At times, they are incorrectly diagnosed with anxiety, depression or a learning disability. Defining ADHD It is one of the most common disorders among children. Children with ADHD are found to have considerable academic difficulties such as forgetting homework; inability to complete homework; difficulty in getting along with peers, parents, teachers due to impulsive and inattentive nature. It is best diagnosed by a child specialist in ADHD or child psychologist. Childhood symptoms do not vanish completely; in fact, at least 60 percent of children with ADHD disorder carry over the symptoms in their adulthood too (Grohol, 2013). ADHD is often accompanied by learning disabilities, behavioral problems such as conduct disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, speech and hearing issues. Many researchers believe that genetic or neurobiological elements are behind this disorder though precise causes for ADHD are not known. Social factors such as family conflict are also found to be behind this disorder (National Institute of Mental Health, 2013). Risk Profile Studies indicate that the children with ADHD are on rise; however, its reason is not known. The disorder is found in 9 percent of the American children between age 13 and 18 with boys outclassing girls. The average age of children with ADHD is found 7 (National Institute of Mental Health, 2013). Source: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html Statistics Recent data up to 2007 suggests that almost 5.4 million children have been found to have symptoms of ADHD. Between 2003 and 2007, the percent of children suffering from ADHD have increased by 22% while during 1997 to 2006 ADHD cases in children increased, on average, by 3%. Surprisingly, older teens are found to have been diagnosed more compared to younger ones. Parent-reported ADHD cases were found most in North Carolina (15.6%) compared to a low proportion of cases observed in Nevada at 5.6% (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Symptoms Symptoms of ADHD are many and varied that include daydreaming; difficulty in maintaining concentration; difficulty in organizing tasks; easy distraction; restlessness with constant motion; frequently interrupting in others' conversations; forgetfulness in regard to books and other routine items (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Main Features of DSM-V-TR Diagnostic Criteria for ADHD The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition (DSM IV) has recently revised the old ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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