Nobody downloaded yet

Contrasts Two Approaches to Psychology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This discussion talks that contemporary psychology encompasses a variety of different approaches. These approaches are inherently perspectives or views, which consist of various beliefs or assumptions regarding human behavior (Hampton & Morris, 2006)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.7% of users find it useful
Contrasts Two Approaches to Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Contrasts Two Approaches to Psychology"

Download file to see previous pages This paper will examine two distinctive psychological approaches; the cognitive-behavioral approach and the psychodynamic approach. One of the best ways to appreciate these psychological approaches is to assess their origin and development. After providing a brief examination of the two approaches individually, their inherent methods will be contrasted in order to appreciate their relevance to the modern field of psychology. The psychodynamic approach refers to a psychological approach that aims at exploring the manner in which the human mind, particularly the unconscious section of the mind is responsible for people’s every day behavior. Freud was the pioneer of this approach, and he was of the opinion that behavior is influenced primarily by past experiences, which are held in the unconscious mind, which consists of the id, the super-ego and the unconscious ego (Bateman & Holmes, 2005). The psychodynamic approach considers these elements of the unconscious mind as the psychic determinism concept. In the development of the psychodynamic approach, Freud compared the adult personality to an archaeological site consisting of layers; when new layers are built, they retain certain features of the former layer. The central concepts of the psychodynamic approach consist of transference, splitting and countertransference (Coren, 2001). There are two distinct schools of thought related to psychodynamics; the first school of thought is object relations thinking or the way children achieve self-other differentiation through their interactions with external objects. The second is the intersubjective view, which poises that development takes place due to relationships, as well as mutual recognition. As a consequence of the various schools that emerged, there is some confusion concerning the therapies applicable to psychodynamics (Hampton & Morris, 2006). The cognitive-behavioral approach, on the other hand, also combines two distinctive schools of thought; the behavioral approach and the cognitive approach. The concept of cognitive psychology was developed by Ulric Neisser in 1967. The concept is essentially concerned with the examination of mental processes, as well as states such as language, problem solving and memory. Cognitive psychologists demonstrate the level of mental processing by highlighting the strength of a memory on the basis of how deep it has been encoded. Behavioral psychologists argue that only observable behavior can be examined (Coren, 2001). The application of the cognitive-behavioral approach to psychology centers on the modification of everyday behaviors, as well as thoughts with the view of positively influencing target behaviors and emotions. The cognitive-behavioral approach allows for a very close partnership between therapist and client, thereby enhancing the process of problem-solving. Notably, situations arise where the therapist may need to intervene so as to refocus a session towards solving a certain behavioral or cognitive problem (Hampton & Morris, 2006). For instance, the cognitive-behavioral approach requires the therapist to initially introduce the client to key elements of the approach, for instance, automatic thoughts.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Contrasts Two Approaches to Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1474782-contrasts-two-approaches-to-psycholoyg
(Contrasts Two Approaches to Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/psychology/1474782-contrasts-two-approaches-to-psycholoyg.
“Contrasts Two Approaches to Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1474782-contrasts-two-approaches-to-psycholoyg.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Contrasts Two Approaches to Psychology

Approaches to Clinical Psychology

...?Sigmund Freud wasn’t the first to investigate the philosophical ramifications of the unconscious, but his early 20th century psychological examinations and development of psychoanalysis make him the progenitor of the psychodynamic counseling theory (Kovel 1987). While psychoanalysis has been extended into a broad range of analytic fields, most notably literature, its implications for counseling theory have largely been linked to his assertion that unconscious childhood or past-life experiences are oftentimes repressed by the individual, causing them to deleteriously affect later life functioning (Geldard 1998). Most individuals are familiar with Freud’s characterization of the personality as differentiated into three...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Two Approaches to Parenting

...Two Approaches to Parenting Parenting is the process during which parents support their children physically, emotionally, financially and socially, right from infancy to adulthood (Golombok). It is one of the biggest challenges, especially when parents make efforts to be the best parents intending to bring the best out of their children. Parents use many approaches while parenting. Some make the children bold and confident; while, some tend to make their personalities weaker. This paper intends to discuss two approaches to parenting: argumentative and authoritarian parenting. Although there are many similarities between the two...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

PSYCHOLOGY APPROACHES

...in development of more effective drugs for psychological disorders. In the two most prevalent psychiatric disorders, schizophrenia and manic-depressive disorder, genetics has been found to play a very prominent role and with the new DNA mapping techniques it has been possible to identify the hereditary genes (Barondes; Sammons). Inheritance of these faulty genes in turn influences the nervous system thereby giving rise of the symptoms of the disorder (Sammons). The study of behavior of an individual can also be facilitated using genetic approaches which can provide better insights to human temperament and nature. Apart from aiding the development of pharmacotherapy, the study of the...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Developmental Psychology (Compare and contrast two theoretical approaches to understanding the development of gender identity in

...? Developmental Psychology (Compare and contrast two theoretical approaches to understanding the development of gender identity in children. Critically evaluate the strength of their principles and supporting empirical evidence.) Gender identity in children is studied by various researchers and identified in different methodologies. The gender identity develops in a child under influence of various factors about which different approaches reveal their own findings. In this paper we shall take up and discuss two theories relating to child gender identity and its development. This paper will present the points of similarity as well as...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Approaches in Psychology

...-motivated decision to follow treatment advice and self-regulation of illness and treatment (Compliance vs. Adherence, 2005). The health psychology study on the factors that affects adherence and the necessary intervention to improve adherence is very important because non-adherence can contribute greatly to the variability observed in a drug's therapeutic effect if the clinician incorrectly attributes the patient's worsening condition to an absence of drug activity (Avorn et al, 1998). This flawed conclusion may lead to unnecessary diagnostic testing, hospitalizations, and changes in dose or regimen. Non-adherence has also been associated with an increase in physician visits, higher hospitalization rates, and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Two approaches to globalization

...1. Introduction There are two approaches to globalization. One is to buy local brands and gain market share while the second is to market existing assets such as technology, brands and experience in new foreign markets. The rationale behind this is that extending a successful product at home into the global arena can considerably increase the profitably of the firm.1 But is going global the only best way forward for firms to grow and survive There are many success stories of companies growing and profiting from the globalization of their products. The success of Starbucks and The Body Shop serves as good examples of how companies can profit in making global brands. 3. The Case for Starbucks and The Body...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Contrasts in Two Native American Tribes

...Contrasts in Two Native American Tribes From even before the United s federal government decided to solve the Indian Problem by creating one large reservation out of the state of Oklahoma, it was common practice to think of all Native Americans as one cultural group united by the simple idea that they all lived on the new common continent before the coming of the Europeans. Looking at it from the perspective of a much-removed future, this idea seems ludicrous, especially when compared with the strong diversity and cultural differences that exist among the people of Europe in much smaller geographical space. Just like the Europeans, though, Native American tribes found on the continent when the first...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Two Approaches to Relieving Poverty

...Two Approaches to Relieving Poverty The study is based on ways to alleviate poverty. The main objective is to be able to analyze the processes, mechanisms, and effects of the proposals that are presented. Based on the fifth chapter of the book, a presentation of the onset of one of the most successful project that combined both banking techniques with the perspectives of improving the conditions of the poor, the beginning of the Grameen Project had been put into focus. The said project had been initiated in 1977 by Muhammed Yunus and became successful in the present period that it had earned him a Nobel Prize in 2006. The main objectives of the Grameen Project if to provide loans to the poorest...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Approaches to Social Psychology

...Grade: THEORIES OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Motivational theories The main idea is that circumstances can create or stimulate needsthat, in turn, lead people to engage in behaviors, to reduce those needs. Learning theories The core idea in learning theories is that the peoples’ current behavior is determined by their experience. There are three general mechanisms by which learning happens. One of them is classical conditioning or association the other learning mechanism is reinforcement and observational learning (Taylor, Peplau, & Sears, 2006). Cognitive theories This stress that a person’s actions depends on the way he or she perceives the social situation. Social cognitive researcher attempt to explain how people feel,...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Two approaches to parenting

...Two Approaches to Parenting Parenting styles are psychological constructs that represent standard strategies used byparents in child rearing, and may be based on factors such as education, culture and personality. Two of the most common styles that this essay will compare and contrast are authoritative and authoritarian parenting. Although both styles are based on parents expecting children to strictly follow established rules, they also differ greatly and may or may not achieve similar results (Bernstein 42). They are both demanding, but authoritative parenting is responsive and propagative. On the other hand, authoritarian parenting is unresponsive and...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Contrasts Two Approaches to Psychology for FREE!

Contact Us