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Cognitive/Behavioral Theory - Essay Example

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Cognitive/Behavioral Theory Author Institution Abstract An individual’s behavior is recognized by his reaction to a certain state of affairs, his emotional quotient and his thought process. Cognitive behavior falls under a huge subject of cognitive psychology that deals with the study of human behavior…
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Cognitive/Behavioral Theory

Download file to see previous pages... Furthermore, some aspect of this theory deals with enhancing the capacity of an individual memory to keep hold of more information and also enhance a person’s decisive capacity. In this paper, I will analyze the most significant goals of cognitive-behavioral theory as well as its strengths and weaknesses. Further, the paper will focus on how the theory can be applied in the field of substance abuse with a guide line of the most appropriate stage of treatment. Cognitive/Behavioral Theory According to William & Jane (2009), Albert Ellis observes that, cognitive-behavioral theory is the thought process that involves grasping the knowledge, recalling it, putting it into practice, developing beliefs on it, reasoning it and holding on to it. Therefore, this theory deals with the descriptive study of how the notion of cognition plays a significant role in shaping the behavioral blueprint of an individual. Precisely the term cognition means to recognize and to conceptualize. Before looking at the significant goals of behavioral theory, I will momentarily discuss the account of the theory. The history of behavioral theory dates back to 1950s. The major proponent of behavioral theory at that time was an American psychologist known as Albert Ellis. He proposed that the human inclination is that the individual always strives to remain happy, but life denies the individual, such a chance. According to him, the feelings of sorrow and sadness are not only caused by circumstances and events, but also the beliefs and thought process of the individual. Precisely, men are affected by the meaning that they give to events (William & Jane, 2009). Nick & Peter (2007) observes that the second proponent of behavioral theory is Aaron Beck (1960s). He developed the cognitive-behavioral therapy to care for patients suffering from anxiety and depression. His argument was that people suffer from anxiety and depression because of a preconceived negative evaluation of themselves. The third proponent is Albert Bandura. He proposed that aggression significantly causes the cognitive behavior of an individual. This aggression emanates from accumulated emotions over a long period. The above three proponents are the founding fathers of behavioral theory. With such knowledge on the origin of cognitive-behavioral theory, the paper will now focus on the goals of this theory. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a goal oriented, short term psychotherapy treatment that solve problems practically (Nick & Peter, 2007). The goal of this approach is to change the pattern of behavior and thinking that lay behind individuals’ difficulties. This will change the way these individuals feel, think and behave as they find meaning in their world (Marty, 2004). If one changes the perception of an individual, then the individual can live a happy life by accepting change in their life. The chief goal of cognitive-behavioral therapy is help clients to learn better coping mechanisms and skills to handle challenges in life. Furthermore, cognitive-behavioral theory is dedicated to facilitating human beings to live lives that are fulfilling (Marty, 2004). Cognitive-behavioral theory seeks to comprehend the thought processes of human beings and change the way that such people interprets life situations. Nick & Peter (2007) assert that Cognitive-behavioral theory has a unique approach that helps people to know the things that are making them nervous. If the cause of anxiety is something that an ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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