Nobody downloaded yet

The Basic Concept Behind Operant Conditioning - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper describes the basic concept behind operant conditioning. The type of stimulus associated with a behaviour plays a considerable role in making a person decide whether he or she should exhibit that behaviour or not. The likelihood of showing a specific behaviour increases if a positive stimulus is associated with that behaviour…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
The Basic Concept Behind Operant Conditioning
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Basic Concept Behind Operant Conditioning"

Download file to see previous pages A famous psychologist, B.F. Skinner, introduced the concept of operant conditioning in the 20th century. This concept is used in daily life activities as well as in psychology based experiments to bring changes in behaviours. Cherry (n.d.) states, “Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behaviour and a consequence for that behaviour”. The concept is that if the consequence of behaviour is likely to be negative, it should be avoided. On the other hand, the behaviour with a positive consequence should be adopted. Two of the main components of operant conditioning include reinforcement and punishment. Reinforcement means to increase the likelihood of the occurrence of behaviour using positive or negative reinforcers. “Positive reinforcers are favourable events or outcomes that are presented after the behaviour” (Cherry, n.d.). Such events or rewards motivate a person and the chances of repetition of the behaviour increase. For example, if a manager gives a bonus to an employee for being successful in the achievement of some specific goals, it will motivate the employee and he/she will try to show the same performance again in order to be rewarded again. Negative reinforcers are another type of reinforcement, which strengthen a response by removing the unfavourable events associated with the behaviour. “In negative reinforcement, something unpleasant is taken away” (Smith, n.d.). For example, eliminating the risk of failure encourages a person to start a new business. One thing, which is common in both types of reinforcements, is that both forms increase the likelihood of the occurrence of behaviours. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Operant Condition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Operant Condition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Operant Condition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Operant Condition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Operant Condition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Basic Concept Behind Operant Conditioning

Learning Through Conditioning (Operant Conditioning)

...?Learning Through Conditioning (Operant Conditioning) In the mid-twentieth century psychologist B.F. Skinner advanced the notion of behaviorism. Behaviorism contends that fundamental human actions are the result, not of unconscious impulses as Sigmund Freud had theorized, but by conditioning aspects of existence (Myers). Within this spectrum of understanding, Skinner proposed two separate modes of conditioning: operant conditioning and classical conditioning. The primary difference between these types of conditioning is that operant conditioning functions...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Operant Conditioning

...?Operant Conditioning Introduction Many studies have shown that individual stimuli can control responses by operant conditioning, and there have beenattempts to show that a combination of these stimuli will give a greater response than when taken individually. The purpose of the current study is to explore the effects of both odor and tone on naive rats in a laboratory setting to ascertain how these stimuli, when combined, affect rat behavior above the free operant baseline. The experiment was conducted on four naive rats kept under strictly controlled conditions, each identical to the other to preserve any bias towards any one situation. Overall, the aim of the study was to explore how the different stimuli outlined above work... in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Classical and Operant Conditioning

... ical and operant conditioning ical and operant conditioning are some of the most important concepts in the field of behavioral psychology.They have been invariably used in the practice of psychology and have played a major role in the development of this field. Classical conditioning was first described by a Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov and operant conditioning was first described by an American psychologist B. F. Skinner (Cherry, 2013). Although both processes promote learning in an individual, they are inherently different from each other. Classical conditioning is a process in which an association is developed between a stimulus that exists naturally and another stimulus that is previously neutral. This can be explained... with the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Operant Conditioning

...? Operant Conditioning 1st, July Learning is a continuous process in life, as people learn new things every day, which change different aspects of their behavior. For this reason, research concerning behavior and learning is crucial, since it is through this that people learn how to change or improve behavior. Knowledge on behavior and learning is applied in different contexts. In parenting, this knowledge is important in order to bring out the best behaviors in children. Different studies have been conducted on learning and behavior, and some theorists have developed theories, which help in explaining learning and behavior in humans and animals. Some of these theories include classical...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Operant Conditioning

... Operant Conditioning 02 January 2006 Operant Conditioning Pierce and Cheney d in their book on Behavioral Analysis and Learning that "Behavior Analysis is a comprehensive approach to study of behavior of organisms." An organism alters or changes the behavior so as to meet the ever changing needs of the environment. The process of learning to meet the demands of the environment is called conditioning. Conditioning is basically of two types i.e., Respondent Conditioning and Operant Conditioning. According to Pierce and Cheney "Respondent conditioning occurs when a neutral or meaningless stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus" example being salivation of dog when food is placed at its mouth. On the other hand "Operant... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Classical conditioning vs Operant conditioning

...ical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning Describe ical conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning Classical and operant conditioning are core concepts of behavioural psychology. Classical Conditioning was actually discovered accidentally by the physiologist, Dr Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), while doing research on digestion (Kim et al., 1996). He aimed at understanding the digestive system in dogs. He provided the dogs with food, and monitored their salivary response and then he began ringing a bell just before presenting the food. He noticed that the dogs would...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Basic Concept Behind Operant Conditioning for FREE!

Contact Us