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Analyzing the formation of habits using behavioral and social/cognitive approaches - Essay Example

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Subject Insert Customer Name Insert Course Name Insert Tutor Name 4 December 2012 Analyzing the Formation of Habits using Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches. My Habit of Shyness Habit formation remains a fundamental element in human growth and development…
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Analyzing the formation of habits using behavioral and social/cognitive approaches
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Download file to see previous pages Habit formation begins from childhood and continues to develop into adulthood. Personality involves consistencies in personal behavioral patterns that reveal individual differences in predicting future behavior (Coon & Mitterer, 2008). This paper seeks to analyze how I developed shyness and factors that influenced the adoption of this habit using the components of behavioral and social cognitive personality theories. This paper would also address attempts I have made to break this habit. Shyness refers to the tendency to strain and feel uneasy or avoid other people when socializing. Elements of shyness include a feeling of social anxiety in the presence of others, and a lack of knowledge or skills on how to interact and initiate conversations with people and keep it going. In addition, feelings of nervousness and rejection, blaming of self and self-critical tendencies in social situations comprise elements of shyness. Shyness resulted because of exposure to different social situations of school environments after receiving a scholarship award following my outstanding performance in final elementary grade. The change of learning institutions from a district school to a national school created in me the tendency to worry about what and how pupils from high socioeconomic backgrounds would think about my poor background. Some students would label me making me to develop shyness, and this consequently affected my self-esteem (Coon & Mitterer, 2008). On getting admission to the university, I decided to attempt to break this habit of shyness. I became active in social situations such as team projects, church and club activities among other social gatherings in the university programs. Moreover, I established goals for expanding my social skills and experience. With the realization and belief that not all people could be 100 percent successful socially, I have managed to eliminate self-blame when a social encounter fails. I also began crediting myself for success achieved instead of being hard as I did earlier on. Despite my attempts at breaking this habit, I have not successfully managed to eliminate all the elements of my shyness but still endeavors to break it wholly. I still experience some level of anxiety in certain situations especially when meeting persons from higher status or participating in significantly high social gatherings. Behavioral personality theory, also known as learning theory, encompasses the basic principles of learning in the acquisition of complex human behavior. This theory focuses on specific observable behaviors of an individual. According to behavioral personality theory, I acquired or learned the habit of becoming shy. In this case, shyness became strengthened or increased by receiving negative reinforcement. Labeling acted as a negative reinforcement for my shyness. The formation of shyness occurs in the social context, which remains true for the school setting in my case. An individual’s ability to make choices, think, and discriminate would be attributed under this theory. My lack of social skills, feeling of social anxiety and inability to initiate conversations with people and keep it going contributed to the development of shyness. In addition, feelings of nervousness and rejection, blaming of self and self-critical tendencies incorporate this habit formation (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2010). The components of social cognitive theory consist of both cultural and social situations and expectations ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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