Free

Shaping Behavior - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
It is essentially based on the underlying principle proved by B.F. skinner’s operant conditioning concept to aid in the effective guidance of a number of discipline strategies…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
Shaping Behavior
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Shaping Behavior"

Shaping Behavior Shaping Behavior Behavior modification has been described as being one of the five main typesof child discipline. It is essentially based on the underlying principle proved by B.F. skinner’s operant conditioning concept to aid in the effective guidance of a number of discipline strategies. Shaping of behavior is considered to be a relatively straight forward process that attempts to use a primarily behaviorist approach to sufficiently explain the science that happens to be behind behavior change. Although experimentations on behavior change are found to have initially been largely based on research with lab rats, the basis of the approach is found to also be applicable to humans (Miltenberger, 2011).
Skinner whose work with behavior modification earned him the moniker of Father of Behaviorism develop the theory of operant conditioning. The theory postulates that all behavior is essentially governed by the constant application of punishing and reinforcing stimuli. Behavior modification is designed to use a scheduled approach that consistently punishes undesirable behavior while rewarding desired behavior (Snowman, McCown & Biehler, 2012).
. This concept as developed by Skinner is seen to be widely used in not only therapy, but also in a number of psychological settings. It can effectively be used in the treatment of a number of disorders including oppositional defiant disorder, autism and attention deficit disorder. In addition to this, the fundamentals of behavior modification can essentially be used to try and increase desired behavior in a given individual regardless of the person’s functional level.
Reinforcement and punishment as based on the operant conditioning theory have been demonstrated to be effective in shaping behavior. In classical conditioning, organisms are trained to learn to associate a given new stimuli with biological and natural responses such as fear or salivation. The organism does not essentially learn something new, but instead is seen to being performing in what is an existing behavior in the presence of a given new signal. Operant conditioning takes a different approach as learning is based on the consequences of behavior and can at times involve the learning of new actions (Miltenberger, 2011).
Punishment can be used to stop negative behavior among children. In operant conditioning, positive is seen to refer to the addition of a consequence that will serve to deter a child from repeating what is deemed to be negative behavior. Although positive punishment is essential in healthy discipline it should nevertheless not be relied upon too heavily as when kids frequently receive positive punishment, they tend to focus their anger on their parents instead of learning from their mistakes and focusing on how to do things differently. Some examples of positive punishment include giving children a number of extra chores when they fail to compete their assigned chores or grounding them when they fail to obey instructions (Browning & Stover, 1973).
Reinforcement is seen to denote the granting of a child something that will serve to greatly reinforce behavior and motivate the child to repeat a given desirable behavior (Miltenberger, 2011). This can entail the use of a reward or praise system. When kids are not given any positive reinforcement, they often tend to be less likely to repeat a given desirable behavior.
References
Browning, R. M., & Stover, D. O. (1973). Behavior modification in child treatment; an experimental and clinical approach. Chicago: Aldine.
Miltenberger, R. G. (2011). Behavior modification: Principles and procedures. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Snowman, J., McCown, R. R., & Biehler, R. F. (2012). Psychology applied to teaching. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Shaping Behavior Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Shaping Behavior Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/business/1657392-shaping-behavior
(Shaping Behavior Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Shaping Behavior Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/business/1657392-shaping-behavior.
“Shaping Behavior Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/business/1657392-shaping-behavior.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Shaping Behavior

Shaping a Life

...?Full Shaping a Life Being young, I have been incompetent in directing my life. I picked the pieces that came along my wayand just lived my life without purpose, without a dream. However, on the 17th of December, 1998, my life had its first turning point when I graduated from my boot camp. The realization came to me that I have lost a lot of time and that I was not getting any younger. I felt the need for a purpose for living so I decided to make things better by being focused of what I want to achieve in life. Things begun to change as I gathered myself up with my social life improving by the day, recuperating the self-esteem I have lost when I was walking without direction. Hard times pushed me to find comfort in relationships... Shaping a...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The role of nature and nurture in shaping human behavior

...What does research (both from the video, and from your book/lecture) suggest about the role of nature and nurture in shaping human behavior?  The fundamental fact of it is that parents will necessarily want to have the best for their children. To be able to afford for their children greater opportunities later on in life is not an all too bad of an idea. The debate over nature and nurture has been a long-standing one. It is an imperative, from Darwin himself, that genes do affect behavior and personality. There still is the reality that each person will have different experiences which brings in the forefront personality traits which may not be mutually exclusive to the genetics of...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Shaping of Psychology

...the more scientific thinking to dispel superstition. Baruch Spinoza reasoned that the idea of witches was a fallacy and that no other forces were responsible for their behavior. It was not until Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution, introducing a naturalistic approach to emotional disorders, that a firmer intellectual shift was embraced in dispelling the belief in supernatural and theological solutions (Viney & King, 2003). The Enlightenment, Age of Reason, introduced the need to implement science in order to advance the growth of mankind. As Immanuel Kant argued, reason needed to be the driver of decisions, not “blind traditional faith” (Viney & King, 2003, p. 144). The progressive ideas of this period helped...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Shaping the Marketing Offer

...means. In this context it can be said that it is highly price sensitive people who will shop for value in a website like Price line. As is mentioned in the article 'Markets, Pricing Models and Digital Economics Evolution of Markets', Price line uses what is called the Reverse Pricing Model. Here consumers can 'name their price' which is state the price they are willing to pay for the product. If the service provider, (airline, hotel, mortgage company etc) is agreeable to that price, they get it. The travel and mortgage business, which is highly price- sensitive, is the core focus of Price line. Referring to prices in the travel industry, the chapter titled, Transportation Elasticities -How Prices and Other Factors Affect Travel...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Sound Shaping Images

...Sound shaping images Sound in films is part of the narrative sphere and perceptive sphere of any film. The audio-visual factors are the foundations for a theory of the function of the film sound. This concept is based on introspective rationalization of the audience and their perceptional level and capacity. In addition, it is crucial to discuss how sound plays an important role to transform an ordinary film into a greater level. The filmgoer's perception relies mainly on how he interprets and co-ordinates both the images that is the visual and the auditory into one. Since Chion is an authority on sound and cinema, he is often quoted and referred to in this paper throughout. This paper will include the following points to...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Shaping of Gender Roles

...Shaping of Gender Roles Gender roles in North America had been largely borrowed from European colonists who settled in this part of the world. They had fixed gender roles that divided men and women according to the chores that each was meant to perform. However even though they came to North America with fixed notion of gender roles, they met some resistance from Native American women in Canada and some activists in other parts of North America. The early colonists were predominantly male and in order to find a place in Native American societies, they married women in these tribes. This is where they found serious conflict in prescribed European gender roles. The changes that European encountered helped...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Shaping Behavior Paper

...Shaping Behavior Role of the brain, nervous system, and sensory systems in shaping behavior The brain, nervous system and sensory system are part of the body that play an important role in shaping behavior of individuals as they interact with their environment from time to time. The brain has the capability to develop embyogically to form as the individual matures with time. It therefore implies that young people have less developed sensory organs as compared to that of adults. The brain is able to shape behavior due to its capability to capture new information during the learning process and it stores this information for future use. Human being are able to learn at any age and such information is stored in the brain that in turn... to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Shaping Ethical Contexts

...Shaping Ethical Contexts The moral foundation theory has five main foundations; care/harm, fairness/cheating, loyalty/betrayal, authority/subversion, and sanctity/degradation. In clinical psychology, several ethical conflicts arise that can be explained by the five moral foundations. The first ethical issue involves doctor-patient confidentiality that enables patients to open up to clinical psychologists, while also presenting the latter with situations that raise moral or legal concerns, this creating a conflict involving confidentiality (Steere 42). The moral foundation of loyalty/betrayal explains this conflict as it stems from the need to create relationships and maintain them in order to assure continued success....
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Social Shaping of Technology

...Social Shaping of Technology affiliation: Introduction Technology continues to play an important role in globalization, and it affects the human daily life including feeding, dressing, entertainment, and housing among others. However, it is important to realise that technology has its downside including pollution and deaths. Technology affects every person despite his or her class. McKenzie and Wajcman (1999 p. 15), this technological determinism differs with some technologies affecting social, political, cultural, and technological relations more than others do. This paper discusses Schwartz Cowan’s account of how household labour industrialised through the advent of new domestic technologies in the late 19th and early...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Shaping Ethical Contexts

...Shaping Ethical Context Ethical leadership can be defined as the leadership that is controlled by respect for values and ethical beliefs of other people. It may further be respect for the rights and dignity of other people and especially in a culturally diverse environment or workplace (Yukl, 2002). The concepts related to it are fairness, consideration, charisma, honesty, and truth. It is a prerequisite in cross cultural leadership where leaders are expected to conform and adjust quickly and work efficiently with employees from other cultures. Various theories have been developed to explain and give insight into how leaders ought to conduct business in a multicultural environment and the perceptions their employees...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Shaping Behavior for FREE!

Contact Us