Theories of Counsleing - Term Paper Example

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The world of counseling and psychotherapy entails numerous approaches that focus on myriad aspects with the sole objective of helping individuals gain a better understanding of their troubled situations. The approaches enable individuals to work out new ways of tackling…
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Theories of Counsleing
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Download file to see previous pages Achievement of such an objective requires development of a mutual and trusting relationship between the client and the psychotherapist. Different approaches address this objective differently, based on which we attempt to analyze the behavioral approach in relation to other approaches that include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, CBT, Motivational Therapy, Solution-focused Therapy and Psychoanalysis approach.
As the name suggests, the therapy majorly focuses on human behavior and aims at exterminating inappropriate and maladaptive behaviors. The major belief behind this theory is that learned behavior can be unlearned via therapy. It therefore evaluates the underlying thoughts and feelings that lead to a particular set of behavior in order to decipher the respective causal agents and thus initiate the appropriate corrective mechanism. Spiegler (2015) notes that while it appears that the theory originated differently and at different times in the works of Joseph Wolpe’s research group, B. F Skinners works and Rochman and Eyseck’s works, their findings had extensive links to the works of Australian psychoanalyst, Sigmund Freud. Freud’s concepts therefore form the basis of the above-mentioned schools of thoughts, although presently the diverse thoughts have been conjoined to form the present day behavior therapy.
The standard intervention procedures for behavior therapy exist in twofold, namely classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning employs a number of techniques to bring about change in behavior. Flooding technique, for instance, works best for cases where the client is phobic or anxious about certain elements, and to which the therapy exposes him/her to as a means of correction. Systematic desensitization is almost similar to flooding except that it is a more gradual process of exposure to the elements. Aversion therapy on the other hand pairs the undesirable behavior with the corresponding aversive stimulus as a means of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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