The hard systems approach (HSA) has been noted to be one of the most effective means used in addressing both qualitative and quantitative problems by the use of step-by-step procedure. Why using HSA, Chu and Huang (2005) observed that the procedure to addressing problems may be…
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The first stage as given by Dong, Xu and Song (2013) in analysing a problem situation is to clearly identify the problem or opportunity. In the context of ElMesmary, Song and Dinwoodie (2014), the problem identified can be said to be issues with the strategic/tactical and operational planning problems involved in the container terminal logistics processes in Alexandria. ElMesmary, Song and Dinwoodie (2014) observed that strategic/tactical planning problems arise at the first stage of the planning process for container terminals as planners seek to tackle terminal design problems as part of the overall technical feasibility and performance. Operational planning problems have also been noted to come about when logistics processes are being taken in the container terminals (ElMesmary, Song and Dinwoodie, 2014).
The second stage of using HSA in analysing problem situation has been said to involve the description of the situation in its current state via the use of diagrams and open discussion. Based on Azevedo, Ferreira, Dias and Palma. (2009), the following diagram can be used to describe the identified problem with strategic/tactical and operational planning.
Based on the diagram given above, the main source of the problem can be said to come from the Alexandria container terminal, which is transmitted in the form of multimodal interfaces and IT systems. As the problem manifests, it becomes further amplified with bottlenecks in the container terminal logistics process which act as noise source. The diagram also shows that the problem identified is received by the strategic/tactical and operational planners and further dropped with the container terminal managers as destination (Kim, 2005).
The third stage with the use of the HSA has been said to involve the process of describing the situation as it would ideally be. In this regard, it can be said that the strategic/tactical and operational planning was expected to
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According to the research findings it can therefore be said that logistic management is one the most important portion of supply chain management which helps to prepare, execute and direct the well-organized forward and reverse run, and storage space products, service and related data among the position between start and end point.
As a case for the study, NIKE Company has been selected that throws light on the developmental changes occurred in the European logistics and supply chain systems. Nike Company proves the development of the L&SC in Europe as its L&SC measures were not much integrated in the country before the initiation of the single European market and the situations improved post 1992.
Strategic planning of its operations to effectively improve its supply chain by integrating its stakeholders including its suppliers, customers and investors can be beneficial for the company in leverage its existing resources and potential to adapt the changing market conditions.
Secondly there are issues common to both humanitarian and business supply chains, but with differences approach and treatment relative to the functions or the issues such as Inventory management, Lead time, Network structure, Logistics model, Transportation, Supplier and customer relationship, Supply chain strategy, Operational strategy and Waste management, Reverse logistics, Outsourcing, Ethical Principles and Corporate Social Responsibility.
India is reckoned to be amongst the largest economies of the world because of the immense purchasing power of the people. The FMCG companies are aligning their supply chain to meet the market demand and serve according to the needs of the customers in the country.
JLR has brought the issues that are related to innovations that were not in the market before. The company needs to utilize the e-commerce concept in its operations so that it can sustain the new model or vehicle in the market. Internet showcasing is the methodology of directing business through the web and it has been proved to be cheap, durable and reliable.
Time compression will also be investigated as it constitutes a significant approach in minimizing or eliminating time-consuming activities and wasted time associated with business process. To this extend, information technology appears to be a
These include automated port and rail road operations, RFID tagging of material and ensuring efficient management of warehousing and inventory operations. The development within the field itself and removal of trade barriers continues the process
According to the report SCM enables the organizations to manage the different upstream as well as the downstream relations with an objective to create more value for the customers while lowering the operating costs of the business. The customer relationship management processes maintain the structure to build and develop relations with the customers.
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