Azar Nafisi was born, in 1955, during Shah Mohammad’s regime. Shah was a dictator who placed strong punishments for those who criticized his policies. Shah's policy was based on minimizing the influence of religion on the Iranian people, their lives and opposition politicians…
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These were especially initiated by the opposition. It is in this respect that Shah escaped after realizing that he had no place, in Iran. The new political system developed, in 1979. It must be noted that literature also has an impact on the Iranian society. Literature was fundamental and most authors were against Shah’s westernization policy. This attribute is mostly characterized by the Persian culture. An example of such authors is Jalal Al-e Ahmad. Some of his key literary works on the same topics include his book Gharbzadegi (Weststruckness) and his novel (The School Principal). His wife, Simin Daneshvar, was also a prominent writer. She authored the book entitled “Savushun”. These are also some of the authors who were adversely harassed by the SAVAK (Axworthy60). In my opinion, the Shah’s regime and his special SAVAK team concede to be the most noteworthy factor that initiated the writing of the Reading Lolita in Tehran. After this white revolution, Nezhat Nafisi’s mother became one of the women who emerged as parliamentarians. This was the first time a woman was in parliament, and this is what influenced the writer to compose the novel. This clearly reflects the freedom of women, in Iran. Ahmed Nafisi, her father, had a strong relationship with the mayor of Tehran. Their relationship was strong and it was a shock to her when she received the information that her father was arrested by the SAVAK on charges of bribery and corruption. This obviously changed her perception about the relationship. However, this was not the true picture. The then prime minister, Hassan, had arrested her father on a false account. Ahmed had shown splendid skills in public speaking and had held numerous State offices. Prime Minister Mansur, therefore, felt that...
Defying the Iranian revolution
Even the opposition did not pose a strong threat to him in the beginning of his reign. As it turns out, Shah lost his power when Mohammad Mosaddeq became Prime Minister, in 1951 because he fought for nationalization the oil industry. Mosaddeq was arrested by the cooperation between the Iranian army and CIA. After this incident, Shah created the SAVAK, in 1957. The was responsible for training this group. SAVAK’s task was to suppress opponents of the Shah of Iran and give a close watch over the people. They also fought opponents of the Iranian people. They employed all kinds of torture and starvation in prison, in addition, to the physical liquidation of the opposition leaders. Shah announced, in 1963, that the white revolution will bring women's freedom and it would support the social life. He also maintained that the industrial life and the laws that protect the family would be appropriated. He particularly focused on saving children and women from oppression from men. Therefore, this improved the relations with other countries and the Iranian people had a peaceful life. Khomeini incited people against the government, and carried out demonstrations against Shah. Later, SAVAK arrested Khomeini and sent him to exile in Turkey in 1963. This was the cause of the demise of the Shah's rule. The Iranian people are mostly conservative, especially those who live in the suburbs. Azar hoped for a better Iran after shah’s regime. She hoped for justice and democracy after the repressive regime falls.
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The paper investigates how Shah's White Revolution (comprising of modernization and westernization efforts) and how the widespread reforms, in particular, land reform, generated the foundation for the revolution of 1979. Indeed, the premise of matching his increase in power with reforms did not yield more favor from Iranian but discontentment.
The Iranian Revolution is also interlinked with Lebanese Civil War and Israeli-Palestinian conflict The Iran-Iraq war has been one of the most significant events in the history which had given rise to innumerable more important events affecting the world and its super powers.
As a leader of the revolution, Khomeini was recognised as a strong pillar of the Islamic republic. He was instrumental in uniting leftists, student organisations and other Islamic organisations in fighting the leading regime. After the revolution, the
west control of the country, and that the repressive nature of the regime accompanied by extravagance and massive corruption leading to economic bottlenecks [inflation and subsequent shortages] only fueled the discontent into a full blown revolution (Graham
Economic crisis can be defined as a situation in which assets or financial value of a country, organization or institution rapidly drops. This paper will also look at how Khomeini upped his game to topple the government led by Shah. It says that Shah’s poor political strategies and failures gave the opposition a chance to bring about revolution in Iran.
However, the evidences, including Iran’s behaviour itself, point to the possibility that it is developing nuclear weapons, if it has not yet done so. The implications of this development are astounding for the Gulf region.
Since 1979 to date, Iran's government is steers under an Islamic system of Presidential system Cabinet, Judicial Branch, and Legislative Branch. However, in today's' Iran, International Communities especially the Western World refers the country as an Islamic Extremist, where religion fundamentalism stands.
The Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was born in the Sadabad Palace complex in northern Tehran on 26 October 1919. His father's name was Reza Pahlavi, the first Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty, of whom he was the eldest son. His mother was the second wife of Reza Pahlavi.
Women in Iran participated strongly in the Iranian revolution of 1979 but their efforts got betrayed by the fundamentalists who took power and implemented a crushing system of gender apartheid in the country (Povey & Rostemi-Povey, 2013). The revolution created the Islamic republic of Iran which got built on the ideas that women were intellectually, physically, and morally inferior to their male counterparts.
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