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The past Islamic Revolutions demanded social transformation, alongside cultural, political, and religious renewal, but in reality, some key Muslim political leaders have not used populism to truly uplift the lives of their fellow believers. In Chapters seven to nine of Global Islamic Politics, Mir Zohair Husain explores the Iranian Islamic revolution and how it catapulted the importance of forming a genuinely Islamic state. The Islamic Revolution in Iran is pivotal to Islams resurgence, because it demonstrates the influence and power of Revolutionary Islamism in driving the affairs of the political economy. Husain, nevertheless, indicates the failure of revolutionary Islamists to change the lives of the poor masses for the better, as the former also become entrenched in traditional politics and aspire power for its own sake. Khomeini, in particular, has not effectively improved the socio-economic condition of his people during his rise to power. In "The Islamic Republic," Ervand Abrahamian argues that “populism” is a better concept that would fully grasp “Khomeinism.” Populism refers to the middle class and its movement that mobilized the lower class in rejecting the Wests brand of capitalism, imperialism, and political ideologies (Abrahamian 17). Populist movements desire to solve social problems of poverty through cultural, social, and political transformation (Abrahamian 17). This transformation has its roots in Islam, where the classical age is considered as the ideal and best model for Islamic states (Abrahamian 17). Abrahamian stresses that “opportunistic populism” is the only category that fits the ideological movement of “Khomeinism.” What is opportunistic in Khomeinis populism is that in his writings, he does not call for important social changes and related revolutions. Instead, he used popular
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It is possible to classify them in accordance with the basic issues covered in the modern studies and researches. The advantages and disadvantages of time management skills among University students The benefits of time management are the following: if a student can manage his time effectively, he would succeed in his educational process with no violation of his personal time and freedom (Trueman and Hartley, 1996).
This has not always been an easy task, yet society has continued to function one way or another for thousands of years. It is quite fascinating to define and describe culture because there are so many different ideas as to what constitutes a given group of people.
2008). This review of literature will therefore, adopt the relevant studies, through which the researcher will be able to identify the issues that have been addressed and those that have not been addressed on the study topic. a) Purpose and Importance of Study The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate the Indian business negotiation styles, and various factors that shape these negotiation styles.
Different forms of negotiation are recommended for different disputes. Therefore, negotiation skills can be learnt and applied to help resolve these differences. Indeed, disagreement and misunderstandings are inevitable in our society due to the presence of individuals and their interrelationships.
According to Bae and Lawler (2000), Guthrie (2001) and Boxall and Macky (2007), human resource department has evolved from being a mere operational unit to become strategic driver for improving overall performance of organizations. Gratton and Truss (2003) and Gong et al (2009) argued that the HRM functions have certain power indexes such as people management, employee satisfaction, performance measurement etc which can drive the organizational performance.
After the 9/11 incidents, the Hollywood movies have always associated the Arabs with barbaric acts in the society. They are all viewed as villain in most movies according to Shaheen (2008). In Shaheen’s view, there is need for analyzing the consequences of 9/11 in order to realize the increasing use of Arabs as terrorist characters in Hollywood movies.
It is therefore, the preaching of goodness and condemnation of evil has been in vogue in the works and writings of the followers of these religions for centuries. Since literature for children is produced for quenching their thirst of
Ancient gathering systems show that the people of the past did not do much of food production as they engaged in hunting, gathering or both for the sustenance. As soon as widespread agriculture was embraced, the different speeds of development
Market structure is the number one factor that directly influences the operations of any company, and certainly that of Kuehne+Nagel in the aerospace logistics sector. With little yet crucial elements like
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