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A Model of Social Reality: a Comprehensive Understanding of the Origins and Central Elements - Research Paper Example

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The purpose of this essay is to explore the central concepts of Searle’s theory of social reality and to provide examples of how ideas relate social phenomena in the natural world. His contributions extend to the development of the legal, social and political philosophies that define our age…
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A Model of Social Reality: a Comprehensive Understanding of the Origins and Central Elements
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Download file to see previous pages Searle’s definition of social reality is rooted in realism, a philosophy that acknowledges the existence of a physical world that comprises an objective reality that is independent of human representation and interpretation. Thus, physical reality is the basis for construction of a social reality that is the product of human perception, organization and representation. To examine this relationship, Searle has attempted to identify the causal links between these two essential realities. Searle invokes the Correspondence Theory of Truth, which states that statements may be viewed as true if they can be validated by natural phenomena, as a tool to explore this relationship. Searle takes a reductionist approach in defining the central components of physical versus socially constructed reality. In this context, he defines “brute facts” as naturally occurring physical entities that exist independently of human thought or perceptionю. They comprise objects of objective, physical reality. “Brute facts’ include such things as trees, rocks, and water that comprise elements of the natural, physical world. Searle considers brute facts to be objective facts since their existence is not subject to human expression or opinion. Searle defines a second category of “mental facts” that are essentially the products of the mind. These include feelings, perceptions, ideas and other cognitive, emotional expressions. Mental facts may be either subjective or objective, depending on whether they originate directly from natural phenomena or represent subjective opinions, attitudes or perceptions that are dependent upon the individual. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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