Awareness of cognitive behavioural therapy - Coursework Example

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Several diverging approaches have developed in psychology to help better understand human behaviour. The core focus of this analysis is to undertake a critical evaluation of the cognitive behavioural approach to therapy. In undertaking the evaluation, this paper will examine various facets of the cognitive behavioural model with a practical application to the factual scenarios provided in Case Study 1 and 2.
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Download file to see previous pages It is further submitted that CBT arguably radicalised established psychotherapy theorem in focusing on the interrelationship between cognitive and behavioural psychological models of human behaviour (Grazebrook and Garland 2005).
The earlier of the two approaches centred on behaviourism as extrapolated by JB Watson, who believed that psychology should concern itself with overtly observable factors as opposed to Freudian psychodynamic theorem (McLeod, 2003). Indeed, the majority of psychodynamic theories stem from Freud and are rooted in the overall objective of understanding how influential the mind is in shaping our personalities and behaviours (McLeod, 2003). His fundamental core belief was that the mind was the most powerful influence on an individual's actions. To this end, it is arguable that the focus on the mind can be reconciled with cognitive behavioural therapy however Freudian theory is rooted in strict categories, which undermines the notion of the individual and self postulated by CBT.
This is often referred to as the "ego". ...
This is often referred to as the "ego". Freud further describes the development in psychosexual stages being; the oral age (between 0-1.5yrs), anal age (between 1.5-2yrs), phallic age (between 3-5yrs), latency (between 5-12yrs) and genital age (between 12 -20yrs) (Nelson-Jones, 2006). Each stage is marked with individual challenges and conflicts and from these psychosexual stages Freud attaches most significance to the phallic stage with regard to the long term impact on individual development in later life, which is pertinent to the factor of Clare's sexual abuse in childhood.

Conversely, one of the primary theories pioneered by behaviourists such as Skinner, Watson, Pavlov, Tolman and Thorndike was that all behaviour and beliefs must be learned and they undertook controlled laboratory experiments to ascertain how such beliefs were learned (McCleod, 2003). This was further developed by Pavlov's classical conditioning model and Skinner's operant learning model, which developed early behaviourism theory into a systematic therapy model, further providing the foundation for the Systematic Desensitisation Technique (McLeod, 2003), put forward by Wolpe (Gross, 2005).

Moreover, Tolman ran a series of laboratory physiological experiments to test the theory, which led him to believe that they had created a mental map of the mind, which fuelled the study of internal mental events "cognitions" into behaviourism theory (Gross, 2005). This "cognitive revolution" arguably reversed the previous limitations of stimulus response analysis of human behaviour with inner, mental events or cognitions returned to govern psychology (Gross, 2005). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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