Nobody downloaded yet

Philosophy of mind - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The mind–body question in philosophy investigates the connection between mind and matter, and precisely the correlation between consciousness and the physical brain. Premises used in the mind-body debate largely revolve around two predominant concepts. One concept concerns the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.6% of users find it useful
Philosophy of mind
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Philosophy of mind"

Download file to see previous pages It critically analyzes some of the arguments in favor of and against this perspective as well as its relationship with epiphenomenalism and implications on the immortality of the soul.
Most proponents of dualism concur that the soul and the mind are the same but are different from the physical brain and its processes. There is a section of dualists who perceive the mind as an emergent material of the physical brain. Known as property dualists, they assert that though the mind is dependent upon the brain, it is not the same as the brain or its functions (Baker & Morris, 2013).
The concept of dualism is often credited to Rene Descartes although he is not the origin of the concept precedes him. Classical dualism theories have existed since the creation. The Bible and most religious books teach about the nature of the soul (or mind) as separate and distinct from the physical body and brain. If we believe in the dualistic philosophy that the universe is not restricted to matter, then there is relatively strong evidence (scientific and rational) that supports body-mind dualism. The most challenging problem that dualism seems to solve is the relationship that exists between the apparently immaterial mind and the material body. In the subsequent section, this paper looks at some arguments for and against dualism.
In the modern conception of the mind-body problem, Descartes’ approach is used to explain the distinct nature of the mind and body. A dualist can argue that while the body can be seen by anyone interested, the mind is private and cannot be explored by another person. The nature of the mind is difficult to comprehend even for the person who holds the mind.
‘Intentionality’ is another relatively modern explanation for the apparent difference between the body and soul. Dualism argues that while the mind possesses intentionality, the body lacks this property. Mental processes are about certain things and concern concepts, places ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Philosophy of mind Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Philosophy of mind Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1624372-philosophy-of-mind
(Philosophy of Mind Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Philosophy of Mind Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1624372-philosophy-of-mind.
“Philosophy of Mind Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1624372-philosophy-of-mind.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Philosophy of Mind
...Philosophy of the Mind There is a belief that the standard notions of rationality are not necessarily perfect. Searle believes that it is more like the tracks of a train, with each point having its own desires and beliefs and the rules that determine the conclusion that one comes up with. He adds that it is not reason that compels somebody to do anything because have enough reason wills a person to do something but it does not force him to do it (Searle, p.26). In all decisions that we have to make therefore, there exists a gap between the actions that we take and the reasons for it. It is this gap, according to Searle that makes individuals believe that they have the freedom of will. In his observation...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Philosophy of the Mind
... and achieve a career is only incidental to the objective. Had any other person finished college, the principle would still apply. Nagel suggests that people perform actions according to what effects they would bring. The right circumstances compel people to be moved according to such reasons. This highlights the outcome as the ultimate reason in the performance of actions. This promotion is necessary as a consequence of universal objectives. “So actions which are necessary but not sufficient for a given outcome thereby count as promoting that outcome” (Ridge, n.p.). Bibliography Ridge, Michael. "Reasons for Action: Agent-Neutral vs. Agent-Relative." 11 August 2005. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 20 July 2011 .... Thomas Nagel presents...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Philosophy of the Mind
...Philosophy of the Mind Introduction The topic of philosophy of the mind (dualism) which is referred to as soul has over the centuries been marred by controversy. The existence of the soul has been put to question and its relation with the body has also been put to scrutiny. Quite a number of philosophers and researchers have attempted to come up with conclusive reports on the matter. Dualism is therefore closely associated with the views forwarded by a French philosopher, Rene Descartes who held that the mind is not a physical substance. Descartes objectively identified the human mind with a lot of awareness as well as...
4 Pages(1000 words)Admission/Application Essay
Philosophy of mind
... ought to be the defining property of the mind. As another prospect, the distinction is intended to illustrate how humans are quite disposed to pay attention to competencies and deficiencies in the process of acquiring truths instead of the truths or propositions themselves and the nature thereof. It is Ryle’s aim as well to present the similarities and dissimilarities between ‘knowing how’ and ‘knowing that’ in order to substantiate further his findings upon the claim that the ‘intellectualist legend’ is false. In general, Ryle points out herein that “efficient practice precedes the theory” or that ‘knowing how’ comes before ‘knowing that’. According to Ryle, theorists have often acknowledged the so-called ‘intellectualist legend... the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Philosophy of mind
...that intentionality is a mental state which is a chemical-biological phenomena innate in human beings, hence can only be replicated biologically and never mechanically. This further strengthens the uniqueness and irreplaceability of human beings, thus, putting in check any attempt or ambition of doing otherwise. To make his point, Searle makes use of a Chinese Room Argument. Here, Searle illustrates that computationalism is very wrong in thinking that the human mind is simply a computational device and thus the ability of the machine to compute could be perceived as thinking; and that functionalism is very wrong in thinking that by enabling the machine to follow instruction is enough manifestation of thinking....
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Philosophy of mind (Cognition)
...Although a subset of the area of philosophy known as metaphysics, the study of the fundamental nature of reality, the philosophy of mind has clear and undeniable connections with the second fundamental mode of enquiry belonging to philosophy known as epistemology, the study of knowledge. With its central place in philosophy—embedded in between the two most basic theoretical sciences—the philosophy of mind possess a grand importance in deciding various issues relating to psychology, biology, physics, and more. In the past few centuries, since the introduction of the mind/body problem, philosophers have resorted to changing entire metaphysical schemes in order to fit the newest levels of discourse relating to mind and consciousness... . What...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Philosophy mind and world
...Philosophy Mind and World NEXT I EXAMINED ATTENTIVELY WHAT I WAS Philosophy Mind and World Abstract ‘Next I examined what I was’ compares the description of the self and its metaphysical existence by Rene Descartes and Martin Heidegger. It can be argued that Descartes has been more successful in undertaking the task of explanation of the dual self than Heidegger. While Descartes’ theory of dualism defines the body to be simply an extended and non thinking thing and the self simply as a thinking and non extended thing Heidegger argues that there is no such origin beyond the origin of the self. ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The Philosophy of Mind
...of the central principles of established cognitive science are based on the arguments that Descartes introduced in the 17th century (Morton 104). In fact, classical cognitive science is a fusion between materialism and Cartesian philosophy. In essence, Descartes refuted the Platonist perception of human beings and considered the link between mind and body as true and important (Engel & Soldan 61). However this established concept of a separate mind and physical world is very problematic and vague. When confronted with this dilemma, Descartes consistently claimed that the connection between the mind and the physical world cannot be understood by more definite and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Philosophy of Mind/Descartes/Intro to Personal Identity
...that there is no such thing as will because it (the will) is just a choice of an alternative that favours one. Alternatives are preexisting and therefore people do not have free will. Person A existing at a time t(2), is the same as person (B) existing at an earlier time t(1), if and only if A remembers or ‘cant remember’ at time t(2) actions or experiences of B occurring at t(1) (John Locke). Arguing for the premise of sameness of consciousness, brings this out. A person (conscious) can be and at the same time not be the same person at two times given the ability to remember events. Works Cited Berofsky, Bernard. Free Will and Determinism. New York: Harper & Row, 1966. Print. Morick, Harold. Introduction to the...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
Critically discuss the importance of an understanding of the philosophy of mind for the modern psychologist
...PHILOSOPHY OF MIND FOR A MODERN PSYCHOLOGIST by The of the The of the School The and State where it is located The Date Philosophy of Mind for a Modern Psychologist The fact that psychology as a discipline can be traced back to its origins in philosophy pretty much already proves the statement that knowing philosophy in general is crucial for any modern psychologist. However, as far as philosophy is probably the origin of all possible scientists, because most of first scientists and explorers were philosophers, it turns out that learning philosophy is useful for anyone, which devaluates the importance of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Philosophy of mind for FREE!
Contact Us