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The Development of Human Intelligence: the Level of Cognitive Ability of a Person - Essay Example

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The paper describes the topic of intelligence. It is such a broad one that definitions arise from all possible resources- scientific, genetic, and environmental. Along with these are the different views gathered from studies and researches yet, there is no definite and single definition of the word…
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The Development of Human Intelligence: the Level of Cognitive Ability of a Person
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Download file to see previous pages Few of the definitions of intelligence include it being a general cognitive (g) as assessed in the psychometric function tradition of a general factor derived from a battery of diverse cognitive ability tests Plomin & Petrill, 1997). IQ tests such as Stanford-Binet and Weschler Intelligence tests aims to evaluate one’s level of cognitive functioning in areas like reasoning, spatial, and even socio-emotional factors. These tests have been standardized to address the socio-cultural differences and level down the other differences of the test takers to solidify the results and increase its reliability and validity. According to a Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget, intelligence is simply the individual’s ability to comprehend and understand the relationship of things and circumstances around him or her that is deemed appropriate to a person’s mental age. The cognitive ability is, therefore, increasing as a person ages, although the rate at which different children develops, for example, varies from one another even when they pass the same predictable stages. Studies and researches across time also suggest that intelligence results from learning and maturation (Brown, 1973; Elkind and Weiner, 1978). True to the premise that not all behaviours we learn are acquired the same way, still, the same behaviour can be learned in different ways according to how it has been perceived and processed by the individual as time progresses. Children, in general, tend to make sense of the environment out from their experiences and these experiences help them develop the full potential of their cognitive abilities ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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