With Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939, then France in 1940, and the Soviet Union in 1941, the United States initiated compulsory peacetime military training and introduced the army’s “Victory Program” that aimed at strengthening the nation’s military power and creating an appropriate balance between ground and air forces. …
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After the Second World War, the United States emerged as a global superpower in terms of its military power and the Cold War era saw the development of the nation as a super power. Towards the end of the twentieth century, it is because of these improvements in the conduct of military operations in Europe that helped the nation to dictate terms over international relations and global terrorist upheavals.
Murray & Millett (2001), in this respect, observe that the “American commanders had shown considerable improvement in the conduct of military operations in 1945” (Murray & Millett 483). The authors observe that the American drive to the Rhine and the encirclement of the Ruhr by First and Ninth U.S. Armies were the greatest American victory in the war. For them, the U.S. commanders in the campaign were successful as they had ‘a superior understanding of exploitation and maneuver warfare’. The U.S military also realized the significance of more robust radio communications that would assist infantry platoon. Similarly, the U.S military developed an innovative “ability of the artillery to adjust and mass fires on unseen targets, either by map analysis or, more importantly, by the use of ground or airborne observers” (Murray & Millett 30)
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