The researcher of the essay "NATO as peacekeeping force in KOSOVO " explores implications for the alliance and its future. Eyes full of understanding, hearts full of love and the life that refuses conflicts-enough, these alone are enough…
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Whether one likes it or not the presence of NATO forces in Kosovo is the harsh reality. Before that “the United States and its European partners sought to defer making difficult decisions, preferring instead to muddle through in the hope that somehow and someway a solution would present itself that would at once end the violence, provide a firm political basis for settlement, and avoid confronting the international community with a need to the massive force.” Its implications for the alliance and its future are full of uncertainties. “On March 24, 1999, NATO initiated Operation Allied Force as a means to compel Slobodan Milosevic to cease ethnic cleansing in Kosovo and to pull Serbian forces out of the disputed province. Although initially expected to last a few days, the operation did not conclude until June 10, 1999--78 days later--when Milosevic agreed to NATO's terms. Operation Allied Force marked a watershed in the Alliance's history and a significant departure from NATO's exclusive Cold-War focus on the defense of its members' borders.” Kosovo campaign opened new horizons for the Alliance, not in its designated operational objectives. NATO’s direction is to protect the overall interests of the countries that are signatories to the NATO treaty, but their subsequent brief touched the areas and objectives not anticipated earlier. They took in their stride the responsibility of crisis response and crisis management in the entire continent of Europe. Even when the territorial integrity and sovereignty.
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Moreover, multinational drives to promote human rights stimulate a debate that hints that the idea of sovereignty is changing. This is the scenario as I examine the role of NATO and the United Nations in the conflict in Kosovo as they tried to address the violations of human rights and crimes against humanity.
Several issues have arisen on the subject of humanitarian aid, the significant one being what interest do the intervening states or bodies pursue. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) concept adopted by the United Nations in 2005 has been the main point of debate with one group viewing it as a crucial development redefining sovereignty as the duty to protect people rather than borders, while another group viewing R2P as imperialism propagated by Western countries disguised to hide its true intentions (UN 2008).
The conflict in Kosovo is one in which the international community got involved for preservation of the first leg of human security. Josif Tito granted limited autonomy to the Yugoslav province of Kosovo between 1960s and 1970s so that the antagonistic relationship between two communities that had separate existence in one region i.e.
Peacekeeping has been a difficult endeavor for most countries in recent decades. Peacekeeping forces have been utilized in many locations for many different reasons, including keeping the peace, and ensuring distribution of supplies. This has been vividly realized in locations including Somalia, Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq in recent years.
As the paper declares humanitarian intervention should not take possession of the state, nor influence the state’s defensive reliability but simply act to reduce the anguishes of civilians in that state. An intervention is contradicted in an associated duty under positive conditions to pay no attention to a state’s independence.
However, through the years, the role and the priorities of these organizations have changed. In fact, today both UN and NATO are extensively used in order to justify the application of specific projects and decisions related
While NATO had varied impetuses for the action in Kosovo, as well as strengthening its integrity and shielding neighboring nations from an influx of immigrants, humanitarian intentions were amongst the apprehensions legitimizing involvement. (MOCKAITIS, 2004, p86) With
This is particularly true of international organizations with well-established UN traditions like the UN peacekeeping function. Peacekeeping has been one of the United Nation’s most effective tools when required to intervene in conflicts
KLA started its campaigns in 1995 and they claimed that they sabotaged Kosovo police stations in 1996. They acquired a large number of arms and ammunitions in 1997 mainly by smuggling them from Albania. In 1998 they attacked the Yugoslav
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