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Characteristic to type 2 DM is insensitivity to insulin due to resistance to insulin or a decline in production of insulin by the pancreatic cells. Patients who suffer from this condition tend to be obese, a situation that affects both the young and the elderly. However, older people are at greater risk of suffering from the disease due to such factors as failure to receive proper counseling and diet, and for some cases, the nature of medication one is taking. This could be aggravated by the presence of a multiple of illnesses among the elderly that interferes with the nature of their care, exposing them to elements that could lead to development of the condition.
Knowledge of health history in the lineage of an individual is important in understanding one’s chances of developing the condition. This is because people tend to inherit a pre-disposition to this disease from their parents, and only require some other element to trigger its manifestation (van Esch, et al. 2013). Chances of suffering from this condition are higher in individuals whose parents were diagnosed with the condition at a younger age. This explains the 2 percent Genetic inheritance link of the condition observed by van Esch et al. Research also shows that lifestyle plays some role in the development of the condition. For instance, the condition tends to be prevalent in obese persons, and obesity runs in families, which also tend to have similar eating habits (Fischetti, 2015). An individual’s history therefore enables the establishment of such relations, hence enabling the calculation of its chances.
One of the causes of type 2 DM is being obese. Obesity is purely a lifestyle issue, majorly stemming from lack of physical activity accompanied by excess intake of calories. In order to evaluate the chances of an individual developing diabetes, assessing
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It is established that “autoimmunity is the predominant effecter mechanism” for the development of the illness (Van Belle, Coppieters, & Von Herrath, 2011, p. 79). Van Belle, Coppieters, and Von Herrath (2011) suggest that while autoimmunity may create the potential for developing the illness, it is environmental factors that hold the true causality.
Diabetes Case Study of Angelo Reyes in the Neighborhood Introduction Understanding diabetes is not easy. A lot of questions are emerging to the patient themselves or to the family members. Fear arises from lack of understanding of the nature of the disease and finding the answers to these questions as well as supplementing the family with the right knowledge is the first step to manage the long-term complications of diabetes.
(Brashers 2006, cited in National Diabetes Data Group and the World Health Organization, undated). Epidemiology of the Disorder In the United States, around 25.8 million people are identified to have diabetes, and out of these, about 7.0 million belong to the criteria of undiagnosed population for diabetes.
It is further explained by Dea et al. (2011) that initially obesity causes insulin resistance and it is the same that advances into DM2 (p.42). The procedure delineated by the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Diabetes Association has been explained in this article by referring to the screening of children conducted for obesity as a potential risk related to type 2 diabetes (Dea et al., 2011, p.44).
She lives in poor quality accommodation within the inner city.
Elizabeth is has diabetes mellitus, which is a condition in which the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes, yams and plantain, from sugar and other sweet foods, and from the liver, which makes glucose.
When he first had a fasting blood sugar at that first appointment it was 110 and his blood pressure at the time was normal though his cholesterol and triglycerides were up some. He was placed on a low cholesterol, 1800 calorie ADA diet and routine exercise program but over the last two years he has gained weight.
The disease normally affects insulin, whereby not enough insulin is produced to handle blood sugar level (Braham, 2011). This disease commonly affects adults but recently there has been increase in the number of children being infected with it (Goldstein, 2013).
The pathophysiologic changes that occur in the body in the course of the disease include: insulin resistance which is caused by over secretion of insulin in the early disease to compensate for high levels of blood glucose. Obesity is a
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism. The condition is characterized by hyperglycaemia and glosure that results in "... resistance to insulin action, inadequate insulin secretion and excessive or inappropriate glucagon secretion". Type 2 diabetes results from beta-cell dysfunction and is characterized by insulin resistance.
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