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How Type 2 Diabetes Affects Nutrition for People Age 65 and Older - Essay Example

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This essay "How Type 2 Diabetes Affects Nutrition for People Age 65 and Older" discusses the target therapeutic strategy in type II diabetes. Regular medical diagnosis and appropriate nutritional and therapeutic interventions are absolutely essential in the elderly. …
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How Type 2 Diabetes Affects Nutrition for People Age 65 and Older
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Download file to see previous pages Unlike Type I diabetes which can strike at any age due to either an inherent/genetic or induced/secondary defect of insulin production from the pancreas, Type II diabetes is usually late in onset as it occurs in only 3-5% of the American population below 50 years of age (www.answers.com). The incidence increases to 10-15% in people above 50 years but accounts for 90% of the diabetes cases in the US. Nutrition in the elderly plays an important role in their physiological status as well as susceptibility to certain diseases. Geriatric requirements for carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals vary with the hormonal changes in their body as well as the stress factors and coexisting chronic diseases. Coupled with psychological tensions like loneliness and depression, physical inactivity predisposes the elderly to a plethora of conditions due to the dwindling immunity and resistance. Regular medical diagnosis and appropriate nutritional and therapeutic interventions are therefore absolutely essential in the elderly. Early diagnosis and religious compliance with the therapist’s interventions are the keys to success in therapy.
Basically diabetes is caused either by the lack of the hormone Insulin, or the disruption of the physiological mechanisms involving its functional utilization. Insulin is necessary for the proper mobilization and utilization of glucose inside the cells where it is the primary energy source. Type I diabetes also known as juvenile diabetes is usually due to the former reason as the Insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are deficient or get destroyed leading to the physiological cessation of production of insulin which has to be provided from exogenous sources in such patients. In Type II diabetes, however the reasons are entirely different as insulin production is usually normal in such persons. It is the utilization of insulin that is affected in persons suffering from Type 2 Diabetes. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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