One of the roles of nursing is to ensure quality of health through prevention, treatment, or management of diseases and infection. Pathophysiology of IgG, causes of the deficiency, and current treatment are…
Download file to see previous pages...
IgG1 and IgG3 subclasses have antibodies that act on protein antigens and therefore inhibit roles of the antigens. Antibodies of IgG2 and IgG4, however, acts on antigens of “carbohydrates and polysaccharide” to impair functions of the antigens (Porth, 2011, p. 361). Defficiency of IgG2 leads to “sinusitis, otitis media, and pneumonia” that arise from bacteria that are embedded in polysaccharides. Examples of such bacteria are “S. pneumonia, H. influenza type b, and N. meningitidis” (p. 361). McMillan, Feigin, DeAngelis, & Jones (2006), however, argue that IgG4, unlike the other subclasses, do not have a binding effect that leads to cytotoxicity.
No cause of IgG has been identified but genetics is suspected o play a significant role. Parents transfer genes to their children and the genes are responsible for protein development in the body of the offspring. Transferred defective gene is likely to imply defective development of elements of cells that relate to that gene and this suggest high susceptibility of IgG deficiency for people whose parents have the complication (Johns Hopkins University, n.d.). There is no treatment for IgG deficiency but management approaches exist. the approaches target specific infection that arise from the deficiency and not the deficiency. Some of the management approaches, according to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015), are vaccine against pneumonia and other live vaccines. “OPV2, BCG, yellow fever,” vaccines are however contraindicated. The recommended vaccines reduce susceptibility to the infections and therefore undermine pathophyliology of IgG deficiency (n.p.). While these aim at preventing occurrence of associated complication, treatment of the complication is an alternative measure to managing IgG deficiency. Infections such as allergies may reoccur and require constant antibiotic medication. In extreme cases, however, direct
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Iodine deficiency stands to be one of the leading causes of brain damage the world over (WHO: Online). Yet, this is also true that the diseases caused by iodine deficiency can easily be prevented. It goes without saying that today the world is on the brink of eliminating iodine deficiency related maladies (WHO: Online).
She was referred to a physicatirist in the Monash Medical Centre with a gradual mental illness over the two the last three weeks. Most of the neighbors attributed the behavior to the financial problems resulting from her drunkard husband. Upon the observation and diagnosis of the physicatirist, Ann was confirmed to be suffering from abnormal emotions in relation to the level of her sadness and bereavement.
Insufficient iron in the diet is regularly seen in undeveloped countries, but is also prevalent on low income communities of countries where there is widespread industry and in which the average standard of living is high. Anemia may result from iron depletion and, frequently, it develops gradually with minor or no symptoms.
The author states that the patient’s illness dates back to a diagnosis of colorectal cancer in June 2007. This diagnosis followed a history of prolonged constipation for many months. The colorectal cancer was treated with hemicolectomy and ileostomy. Following the surgery, these symptoms started and had persisted for 7 months now.
pite the fact that eight rowers from the university were purportedly top performers in the team and the bottom performers who were eight in number comprised junior varsity. The junior team outperforms the varsity crew constantly causing the fear of separation. This was four days
According to the National Cancer Institute (2011), some cancer cells produce or secrete certain substances that cause mobilization of Ca (Calcium) from bones into the blood stream. In another study, PTH-rP (released by lung cancer cells) has been associated with shorter
Unripe Ackee-Ackee fruit contains a toxin that inactivates carnitine. A blood test revealed hypoglycemia (36 mg/dL), a high level of fatty acids, and a very low level of ketoacids.
In a normal fatty acid metabolism, carnitine is required for
The bacterium lives in the mucus lining where it resists the action of the hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach. It is believed to be transmitted via the oral route by the ingestion of food and water contaminated with fecal
The immunoglobulin E (IgE) plays the role of generating allergic reactions by increasing the hypersensitivity of the body to environmental antigens and also parasitic infections (Bourdin, Gras, Vachier
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Case Study on topic IgG deficiency for FREE!