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Thus, there is the abnormal production of B and T cells, and IgG deficiency is triggered by a defect of B cells. IgG deficiency can occur in two forms that are selective and specific. In most cases, the B cells are low in selective antibody deficiency. Likewise, the T cells are also inadequate. The T cells help in B cell immunoglobulin synthesis. Thus, selective IgG deficiency is accompanied by isolated IgG deficiency with normal levels of IgA, IgM, IgD, and IgE. In specific IgG deficiency, there is evidence of inadequate levels of other immunoglobulin isotypes. Both types of IgG deficiency result to respiratory infections. For instance sinus, ear, pneumonia, and bronchitis infections. In this case the patient is diagnosed with a combined T and B cell immunodeficiency (Lang, 2009. This individual is suffering from IgG2 due to the developing illnesses sinus (Porth, 2011). In addition, the antibodies against polysaccharide antigens and carbohydrates belong to IgG2 category. On the other hand, antibodies against protein antigens are categorized in IgG1 and IgG3 groups.
The IgG immunoglobulins are categorized in four groups founded on the function and structure. It is classified from IgG1 to IgG4. In most cases, about 70% fit in the IgG1 and 20% belong to IgG2 groups. Antibodies that are opposed to protein antigens fit in IgG1 and IgG3 groups. There is another class of antibodies that are opposed to polysaccharide and carbohydrates antigens that belong to IgG2 group. Patients with IgG2 deficiency are at high risk of suffering from pneumonia, otitis media, and sinusitis. These illnesses are triggered by microorganisms known as polysaccharide-encapsulated. The microorganisms include N. meningitides, H. influenza type b, and pneumonia. In some cases, the patients are healthy, and others are asymptomatic in presence of the IgG
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(“Sinusitis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
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(Sinusitis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
“Sinusitis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1672475-sinusitis.
This, thus imply that common cold can be one of the Differential Diagnoses. The patient conditions might also indicate that he or she has an acute bacterial sinusitis. The third possible Differential Diagnoses is the exacerbation of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Apart from the bacterial diseases some of the common viral diseases causing respiratory infections are sinusitis, pharyngitis, nasopharyngitis, or acute coryza, popularly known as common cold. They are highly contagious and regrettably no antiviral drugs are approved for their treatment (Hedrick, E).
It is reported that about 45% of the US population is known to have one or more chronic illness and this illness account for 78% of all health care spending. It is evident that women of the age group 65- 85 relates to 80% of the chronic condition whereas only 33% of men of that age are known to have chronic illness
It is important for the nurse practitioner to recognize the signs and symptoms so appropriate care may be provided. The patient had fever for five days with moderate fever up to 101 degrees with symptoms of sinus pain and pressure with greenish nasal discharge.
This not only inculcates emotional trauma but also makes them face malnutrition and related problems. This makes them victim of various diseases and chronic conditions lead to death and disability and thus weaken normal routine life and makes them dependable.
Asthma in Austrailia is among the highest in the world. It is estimated that 1 out 10 Australians, which is equivalent to over 2 million people in Australia live with Asthma. According to Health Insight 10-15% of all children and 10-12% of all adults
Otherwise, choking is a disturbing symptom that shouldn’t be neglected as it might be an evidence of various diseases varying from sinusitis to lungs’ diseases. On the other hand, the reason of choking might lie in the airway obstruction.
Little children often