The term Nursing Research refers to the application of scientific inquiry to phenomena of concern to nursing. The systematic investigation of patients and their health experience is the primary concern of nursing…
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The term Nursing Research refers to the application of scientific inquiry to phenomena of concern to nursing. The systematic investigation of patients and their health experience is the primary concern of nursing. Nursing Research seeks to find new knowledge that can eventually be applied in providing nursing care to patients. It includes both Qualitative and Quantitative methodologies. The distinction between qualitative and quantitative research in nursing is representative of a complex issue which will be simplified for the purposes of clarity and brevity. Qualitative researchers collect their data in real world, naturalistic settings. And, whereas a quantitative researcher usually strives to collect data in one type of setting to maintain constancy of conditions, qualitative researchers may deliberately strive to study their phenomena in a variety of natural contexts. Qualitative research reports are written in a more inviting and conversational style than quantitative ones, which are more impersonal and include information on statistical tests. Qualitative nursing researchers also strive to share their findings with others at conference and in journal articles. Qualitative findings because of their depth and richness, also lend themselves more readily to book-length manuscripts than do quantitative findings.Regardless of researchers’ position about when a literature review should be conducted, they usually include a summary of prior research in their reports as a means of providing context for the study....
Although this rate is somewhat
better than rates reported elsewhere, it still concern that control of pain for dying patients
is simply not good enough. Interestingly, families had more complaints about the
management of pain for decedents who died at home, even though they did not report
higher levels of pain. Perhaps this is because in the home setting, family members are
more aware of pain management problems and bear more responsibility for direct care of
Research reports tell a story. The style in which many
research reports are written- especially reports in quantitative style, makes it difficult for
beginning research consumers to become interested in the story. To unaccustomed
audiences, research reports may seem stuffy, pedantic, and bewildering. Four factors
contribute to this impression:
-> Compactness. Journal space is limited, so authors try to compress many ideas and
concepts into a short space. Interestingly, personalized aspects of the investigation often
cannot be reported. And, in qualitative style, only a handful of supporting quotes can be
->Jargon. The authors of both quantitative and qualitative reports use research terms that
are assumed to be part of readers' vocabulary, but they may seem esoteric.
->Objectivity. Quantitative researchers normally avoid any impression of subjectivity and
thus research stories are told in a way that makes them sound impersonal. For example,
most quantitative research reports are written in the passive voice. Use of the passive
voice tends to make a report less inviting and lively than the use of the active voice, and
it tends to give the
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Studies on team effectiveness however showed that employees have different perceptions of team effectiveness. Child and Shumate (2007) revealed that a cognitive map of who-knows-what in a team influences perceived team effectiveness. Flood, et al. (2000) showed that leadership styles may influence team consensus and effectiveness directly or indirectly.
Need for unique education, on the other hand, is also turning out to be an exceptional factor in the development of exceptional students (Nelson, 1999). This paper will compare and contrast two surveys regarding education focusing on adult education and special educational needs to exceptional students.
The author describes Quantitative Research as ‘the method which investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where and when’. It was noted that qualitative research presents data in language form which is gathered from the study area. In qualitative research, it is thought that the researcher can learn the most by participating.
The author states that qualitative and quantitative methods’ versatility can be analysed from the fact that “in recent years specialisations such as medical anthropology and medical sociology have relied on qualitative methods to explore issues relating to health, from the micro-context of the hospital ward to the broader socio cultural context”.
In this methodology, a hypothesis is arrived at and research is conducted to prove or disprove the theory put forth. The main draw back in using the quantitative approach in the research is the inflexibility of the methodology itself. Although it does have a long standing tradition, the quantitative research perspective will not allow me the depth required in seeking out answers to emerging questions in this newly, uncharted area".
etc. The focal point of this research is based the socially-developed nature of reality thus the researchers come-up with a situation-confined “Statement of Problem”. Researchers seek in-depth answers to “How” and not “What”. Therefore, a qualitative
One of the outstanding differences between qualitative and quantitative research is the fact that it adopts an exploratory nature in a bid to help researchers construct theoretical propositions, while these propositions are tested using quantitative research. Qualitative research is significant in the initial phase of research.
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