: Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question and Literature Review - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Research Summary and Ethical Considerations Guidelines Author’s Name Institution Introduction Nursing research is a cardinal field in fostering evidence based practice (Polit & Beck, 2010). An apt methodological design is necessary for the success of a nursing study…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.2% of users find it useful
: Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question and Literature Review
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample ": Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question and Literature Review"

Research Summary and Ethical Considerations Guidelines Introduction Nursing research is a cardinal field in fostering evidence based practice (Polit & Beck, 2010). An apt methodological design is necessary for the success of a nursing study. Additionally, it is also imperative to attain the ethical requirements in such a study (Greenhalgh, 2010). This paper summarizes a qualitative research by Adib-Hajbaghery, Khamechian and Alavi (2012), and elaborates on how ethical considerations are met by the researchers. The paper explores the various study sections including the background, methods of study, results and ethical consideration. The implications of study results to the nursing practice have also been detailed. Background According to the authors, studies have shown that nurses work under considerable stress. This can lead to failure in duties and health disorders. However, only a few studies have studied the life experiences of nurses in this field of occupational stress. Therefore, the qualitative study was conducted to clarify the stress factors in nursing experience. The study is significant to the nursing profession in that occupational stress within the field contribute to decreased efficiency. In addition, the stress increases occupational hazards within and out of the work environment. In view of these deleterious consequences, the study would enable the understanding factors surrounding job related stress, and provide and evidence base for tackling the various challenges. This would in turn improve the working condition and enhance job-satisfaction and performance. The purpose of the qualitative study was to evaluate the perceptions and experiences of nurses in the field of occupational stress (Adib-Hajbaghery, Khamechian & Alavi, 2012). Methods of Study The qualitative study was conducted by the use of content analysis. The study population consisted of nurses of hospitals affiliated to a Medical Science University. The sampling was carried out until there was data saturation (when the investigator could not achieve new codes). The study participants had at least 2 years of experience with no history of mental illness. This formed the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of nineteen participants were enrolled for the study (Adib-Hajbaghery, Khamechian & Alavi, 2012). The main data collection method utilized was open, semi-structure interviews. In the interviews, the nurses were asked to describe their normal day routine. They were then asked to express their perception and experiences pertaining to all levels and types of job stress within the nursing profession. The interviews were recorded on a MP3 device. In the same day of data collection, the data was transcribed word by word. Content analysis was used for data analysis according to the Krippendorff method (Adib-Hajbaghery, Khamechian & Alavi, 2012). The fundamental processes in Krippendorff method include unitizing, reduction and sampling, inference and data interpretation (Polit & Beck, 2010). Results Experiences and perceptions of the nurses were placed in three main categories: perception of occupational stress, prioritizing career over family life and professional interest. In the perception of occupational stress, nurses felt that they were in a constant alarm situation. The unpredictable and severe changes in patient health status were among the most notable stressful experiences faced by the participants. Workplace bitter events and excessive workload further compounded the intensity of the stress. Based on their experiences, the following factors were identified as major stressors for nurses: nurses’ shortage, lack of experience, poor social status, colleagues’ poor relations, irregularities in the organization and patients’ condition. The priority of work on personal life and family was also noted as a source of occupational stress (Adib-Hajbaghery, Khamechian & Alavi, 2012). The findings of this study will serve to inform hospital authorities on the points to address in order to decrease occupational stress. This will enable the improvement in relations between the nurses and management ranks. The findings also put pressure on the administration to ensure a conducive environment for the nurses. Further, the findings will enable decision makers to ensure ways to improve the social status of nurses. Henceforth, the results will serve as an evidence base for informing practice. The stressors cut across various issues pertaining to the nurses. The issues stem from nursing education, through orientation and finally in practice. Nursing education should be curtailed to equip the nurses with the necessary skills, knowledge and attitude needed to deal with the stressors (Adib-Hajbaghery, Khamechian & Alavi, 2012). Ethical consideration The study was conducted after obtaining approval from the University Ethics Committee. Informed consent was obtained from the participating nurses. The consent form overviewed the study process, in addition to measures to protect the participants. Permission was also obtained from hospital authorities to allow the participation of the nurses. The participants were ensured for keeping their names and information detail confidential. Information regarding the participants was kept confidential, and later codes were assigned in place of names. Therefore, the confidentiality of participants was observed (Bath & Watson, 2009). Additionally, the researchers also took measures to ensure the freedom of participants. Participation in the study was voluntary. Additionally, the participants were free to withdraw anytime from the study. Written consents for recording the interviews were obtained (Adib-Hajbaghery, Khamechian & Alavi, 2012). Conclusion The qualitative study summarized has been executed in a methodical and concise manner. It has also addressed issues to do with research ethics in an elaborate manner. The study has uncovered the factors that influence on occupational stress in the nursing field. This will in turn help policy makers, hospital administrators in understanding the issues they need to focus with in order to foster proper working conditions and improve health care delivery. Reference List Adib-Hajbaghery, M., Khamechian, M. & Alavi, N. (2012). Nurses’ perception of occupational stress and its influencing factors: A qualitative study. Journal of Nursing Midwifery Res. 17 (5), 352-359. Bath, P. & Watson, A. (2009). Need for Ethics Approval and Patient Consent in Clinical Research. Stroke 40(5), 1555-1556. Greenhalgh, T. (2010). How to Read a Paper. The Basics of Evidence-based Medicine (4th ed). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Polit, D. & Beck, C. (2010). Essentials of Nursing Research: Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice (7th ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“: Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question Assignment”, n.d.)
: Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question Assignment. Retrieved from
(: Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question Assignment)
: Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question Assignment.
“: Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question Assignment”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF : Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question and Literature Review

The Research Question, Literature Review, and Research Hypothesis

...? The Research Question, Literature Review and Research Hypothesis The Research Question, Literature Review and Research Hypothesis Question 1 Descriptive research questions query the what, who or the where aspects to the issue or area of study: description is the basis of the study. These questions characterize new areas of investigation, where the study focuses on describing the phenomena of study (Newton, Bower, & Williams, 2004). Examples of these studies of questions are those...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Research Question and Literature Review

...maternal complications as the main cause of fistula, which is relevant to the research question. Das, Aditi. “Fistula in the frame.” Lancet 368.9542 (2006): 1146-1146. Feinberg Library. 11 November 2012. Aditi’s article is a review of two movies on fistula. The article narrates the story of a woman in a remote village who is stigmatized due to her conditions. Aditi uses this article to shed light on the number of fistula cases that are not reported in Africa, Asia and the Arab region. Gender inequalities and stereotypes put women and girls at the risk of contracting AIDS and other fatal health implications. The article narrates the ordeals of five West African women in Niger in the movie...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Research Question and Literature Review

..., corruption may trigger distortion of economic policies that adversely impact on the growth of economy while slowing down the economic growth. As a result, it is normally difficult to be certain of the impact on the social set up and the overall implementation of policies. In reality speaking, corruption might be a major characteristic in transitional economies due to a wide range of impacts on its credibility and authenticity of the political environment in the process of making key decisions that will foster development of economy and the entire government. In most cases corruption is closely related with the transitional process definition of passing government assets into private hands. Moreover,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Research Question and Literature Review

... Research Question and Literature Review Research topic: Unemployment and crime This is a topic that seeks to understand the relationship between unemployment and crime, with a focus on how joblessness motivates people to indulge in crime. The relationship between this topic and the social, political and economic world is that, while unemployment is an economic phenomenon that affects the rate of economic growth and prosperity of nations, it is also a social issue, considering that the social impacts it has on people, such as stress, depression and other psychological disorders. The same case applies to crime which disrupts the social setting of a nation, while affecting the contribution made by the people towards economic growth... ....
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Research problem and literature review

...? Research problem and Literature Review Table of Contents Background of the problem 3 Research Question 3 Literature Review 4 Proposed Data Collection Method 6 Identification of multiple research approaches that need to be adopted 7 Relative advantages and limitations of alternative research approaches 8 References 10 Background of the problem English teachers in United Arab Emirates (UAE) face huge problems while teaching English to the Arabian students. There are several reasons behind this problem. Lack of basic knowledge in English of the Arabian students can be cited to be the key reason. The Arabian students are taught English as their second language in their schools. Implementation of the definite article and placing... , the English...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Proposal

Instructional Problem/Research Question

...demographical transformations indicate that instructors of the English language should brace themselves to tutor individuals, both young and old, whose foremost way of communication is not English (Kauchak & Eggen, 2011). This paper will look at the research question, what are the existing and pertinent strategies of enhancing the way English language learners are taught? The paper will describe a problem that I am foreseeing in relation to the identified topic, how I know this is a problem, why I want to study this problem, the existing and pertinent strategies of enhancing the way English language learners are taught, and provide three probable...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Sociology Research Literature Review

...Academic research in the area of media influence often reflects the extent to which the media can actively construct and define social reality. Much of this research has focused on the media's perception of terrorism and its relationship to Muslim communities; it is this relationship which forms the basis for my literature review. When the media deals with terrorism it does so in such a manner as to perpetuate stereotypes regarding Muslim communities in general, and their perceived 'exclusive' connection to terrorist activity. Research Topic The specific research topic is, Media and Social Construction of Reality for Terrorism and Muslim...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Research literature review

...& Friedrichsen 2009, 79-87). The study has also critically analyzed the ethical controversies that had erupted in relation to similar scientific innovations (Pierret & Friedrichsen 2009, 79-87). The purpose of our study, though, is not to argue about one particular stand point but to discuss both the view points and finally to allow readers to draw their own opinions and conclusions. In addition the process has been facilitated by providing an integrative review that details previous research, theories, explanations and answers and then counteracting them with questions and objections so that at the end of our research readers can make...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Research Question, Literature Review and Sample

.... There has been a number of reports and incidents that have been filed in the past where elders have been victims of crime and which have moved on to create a fear within them. The paper will provide a detailed literature review of the topic and will include statistical data and information that is available that pertain this topic. The literature review that has been discussed is a combination of the literature and theories that have been presented in the past along with the recent statistics that are available on the topic. This will be followed by the research questions and research hypothesis which...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Research literature review

...Literature Review- Feminization of the Workplace This paper is focused on the thorough review of the rapidly changing scenario related to the increasing feminization of the workplaces. The question that needs to be considered is how the feminization of workplaces is actually affecting the women? While this is bringing a positive change in women’s lives, some may not only defy this change but also say that this feminization is causing societal imbalance. Hines (cited in Leonard, 2000) has suggested that “this century will see the scales tilt from masculine to feminine values.” Within the next few months, women will cross the 50 percent threshold and become the majority of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic : Research Ethics and Research Process Components: Problem, Question and Literature Review for FREE!

Contact Us