Nursing Education System Valerie Blemur Florida International University NUR 4667 – Nursing in Global Health System November 13, 2012 Political History and Development of Nursing Education: Comparison of Poland and China Nursing education in China developed due to the influx of the western missionaries and their new ideas in nursing, after the Chinese government lost the Opium war in 1842 (Xu et al., 2000, p…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
According to Chen (1996, pp. 129-149), the first collegiate nursing program was started by Peking Union Medical College (PUMC). This was a five-year program established in 1920. The first secondary level nursing school was established in 1930. The PUMC program remained the only tertiary program in Chinese education until 1952 when the communist government restructured the education system to accommodate the higher education system. However, the political upheavals delayed the implementation of the higher education program until 1980s (Xu et al., 2000, p. 208). Nursing education in Poland was established later than in China, i.e. 1911 (Sztembis, 2006, p. 102). However, the development rate of nursing education in Poland was faster compared to that of China. Polish nursing education ceased in 1914 with the rise of the First World War (Sztembis, 2006, p. 102). According to Wolska-Lipiec (1987, p. 42), most of the teachers and graduates of the school joined the military to train the society on the modalities of caring for the wounded and participating in the civil sanitation. Secondary education in nursing was introduced in 1960s, while the university-based programs were introduced in 1980s (Sztembis, 2006, p. 104). Government and Nursing Organizations Influencing Nursing Education: Comparison of Poland and China. Nursing education in China was predominantly influenced by the missionaries (Xu et al, 2000, p. 207). The horizon for the Chinese health care has been expanded by programs such as the WHO collaborating center in Nursing and Midwifery, Heart to Heart and the Project Hope which have been sponsored by the government and other non-governmental organizations (Xu et al, 2000, p. 208). The prominent source of financial support is China’s Medical Board (CMB), which is an offshoot of Rockefeller Foundation (Xu et al., 2000, p. 212). CMB provides resources for faculty training, purchasing the reading materials and capacity building. In Poland, the programs aimed at preparing women for care of patients were funded by the collaboration of the American Red Cross and Rockefeller Foundation (Sztembis, 2006, p. 103). The Polish Nursing Association undertook the process of redesigning nursing through seeking support from the politicians and leaders. The 1990s witnessed the establishment of the Independent Nursing Section in the Ministry of Health which later culminated into the Department of Nursing. The self-governing body of Polish nurses, i.e. Nursing Chambers, acts as the formal representation of the nurses at the national level. Current System of Nursing Education: Comparison of Poland and China The Chinese system requires a candidate to go through the secondary nursing programs; Zhuake programs, which are equivalent to the associate degree programs in the U.S., and Baccalaureate programs for them to be registered nurses (Xu et al., 2000, p. 209). The secondary nursing program acts as a basic academic unit of a nursing school. The secondary nursing programs occur in two forms; the first, which enrolls high school graduates and a second that admits the middle and junior high school graduates. Post secondary nursing program in China has three levels: Baccalaureate, Zhuanke and Graduate (Xu et al., 2000,
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Nursing Education System Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Nursing Education System Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1459935-nursing-education-system
(Nursing Education System Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Nursing Education System Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1459935-nursing-education-system.
“Nursing Education System Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1459935-nursing-education-system.
First published : September/ October, 2008 2. The article : Nursing Programme Assessment and Evaluation: Evidence based decision making improves outcomes Author : Sewell, J., Culpa-Bondal, F., & Colvin, M. First published : 2008. 3. The article :Taping into your centre of excellence Author : Engelmann, L.
However, nurses often encounter complex challenges in the course of their duties. This is due to rapid changes that are occurring in healthcare systems that are continuously evolving. The healthcare environment has realized significant changes characterized by the panoply of technological, demographic, intellectual, moral and economic complexities.
As the report declares what started off as a form of apprenticeship promoted by various religious institutes, nursing and its education today has taken a new dimension altogether. Taking the status of an actual branch of medicine with its own affiliated degrees, the education prepares these individuals as nursing care professionals.
The paper enlightened the historical perspective of both public health and community care from sanitation and an infection control perspective toward challenging resources for the poor and underserved and now to its continued emphasis on participatory partnerships for effective intervention. Transition in a core concept always play a major role.
A characteristic feature with the nursing was that they had no knowledge of science concerning testing and cause-effect treatment of diseases but on the contrary, they used magic as well as forms of religious sacrifices to cure diseases. Nevertheless, there has been great evolution in the advent of scientific discoveries and the adoption of the modern medical practices.
In order for these therapeutic relationships, however brief, to have an impact on the healing process, it is apparent to that a nurse must develop their communication, caring, justice and fairness skills.
With regard to staff development, it is recognised that nurses are expected to understand human development and learning processes to provide themselves and patients with efficient and effective education experiences.
oth the Chinese and the American nursing education systems have gone through a number of central, socio-political, and hierarchical changes that have created profound impact upon the nursing education systems of both the countries. This paper compares the nursing education