Human Experimentation Institution Name Abstract Human medical experimentation is a form of torture that is not only gruesome and illegal but is a practice that has been kept in the dark for many years. It is a procedure that did not simply violate human rights, but in fact, it defied every sort of right possessed by humans, be it right to live or right of consent before experimentation…
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It includes the historical background, after-effects, and the current status of human medical experimentation. The research entails the pros and cons of this practice along with salient ideas on overcoming or eradicating this kind of torture. Human Medical Experimentation A torturous conduct that thoroughly defied human rights and questioned healthcare norms It is generally stated that human beings of the world have certain rights which cannot be taken away from them, irrespective of situation and circumstances. The nature of these rights may be political or civil liberty; however, the most important right which a human being is entitled to is the right to physical safety and, most significantly, to "life". Human rights basically project the need for human tolerance, acceptance, fairness and mutual respect. The human rights notion exudes morality and justice. Although importance of human rights is emphasized by many organizations and governments around the world, violation of human rights is a common experience around the world. The participation of human beings in medical experimentation is one such subject, which remains controversial due to human rights abuses. Many developed countries of the world, including the United States, claim to be world leaders in medical research. However, the Western medical development has a hidden dark side which is not acknowledged by many. This unlit side points to the fact that in order to develop medicine and achieve scientific progress, horrific medical experiments were conducted on destitute human beings and their children (Moses, 2007). For the most part, these medical experiments were conducted to gain profit by successfully developing drugs for various diseases and, mostly, these experiments were conducted without the knowledge of the people involved in the experimentation. Many believe that despite today’s so called free and civilized societies prevailing in the West, human experimentation has been taken up on a mass level. According to experts, almost half of the population of the United States is using some kind of drug regularly, and about 20% of children are using antidepressants or amphetamines (Moses, 2007). This paper aims to explore the topic of human medical experimentation with a view to illustrate its history, the dark side which it projects, the benefits that it has provided to human society and current status and opinions of various experts on the subject. Various medical fields such as biology, psychology, anthropology and clinical medicine employ human subject for research purposes. Human medical experimentation exposes living human beings to experiments, which are mostly cruel, painful, deadly and risky. Although Western countries are responsible for astounding medical breakthroughs such as the cure for malaria and other deadly diseases, this success, however, is followed by an immense price paid by the participants of the experiments. Some participants are compensated for their losses in physical and mental health, but most participants have not been compensated at all. Many participants have lost their lives during the process of experimentation, and of course, no compensation can bring back the most precious thing lost: their lives. The history of human medical experimentation in U.S. dates back to 1845, when J. Marion Sims, also known as the father of
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Many have argued that it is against the rights of animals on the contrary others claim use of animals is more logical than use of humans. This paper will seek to clarify as to whether animal experimentation be permitted. Breakthroughs in treating spinal cord injuries, like practically all medical advances, depend upon experimentation on animal.
Animal Experimentation. The issue of animal testing draws some strong sentiments aimed at the benefits and demerits of the practice. For this reason, this paper aims at examining the available attitudes relating to animal testing and the measure that should be taken to treat animals humanely.
For example, they are used to test new drugs and medical procedures, which determine whether it is beneficial to humans, or harmful. Other uses include learning the harmful effects of a new product such as a cosmetic, food additive, or an insecticide.
Some people believe that we have no right whatsoever to so mercilessly exploit other species for our own benefits.
It is these sorts of experiments which have enabled countless people to live happier and more prosperous lives throughout the ages.
In keeping with the idea of scientific study, journals and articles are best in amassing a clear and concise understanding of experimentation as it comes to the sciences or any other subject matter.
The assessment of thought processes and feelings are very subjective in nature. This subjectivity makes it difficult to conceptualize and measure the correlates of behavior. This notion has been very effective in determining the nature of experimentation in the field of social psychology and has essentially facilitated the need for deception within the field.
Those with low autonomy, for example, due to mental or general illness, imprisonment or age should also be treated with respect. The subjects should participate voluntarily after being fully aware of all
1). Another study evaluated the history of human experimentation across two time frames: before that Nazi regime and after it (Kalechofsky, n.d.). Recently, there have been news reports alledging illegal human
Genetic experiments that potentially lead to creation of human life are indispensable in modern life and ought to be permitted if certain conditions are met.
Stem cells may be referred to as undifferentiated cells that have the capacity to generate
In this regard, human experimentation is viewed as extremely important for all of humanity. It can open the way to effective treatment of various diseases as well as to help in their prevention. In many ways, the development of modern human
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