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Music in ancient Egypt was known for thousands of years and evidence for its existence has been found in the pre-dynastic period. It is mainly because of the massive influence of this art that if came to be found in many aspects of Egyptian life ranging from the palaces of the royal family and nobility, to the workshops of artisans and all the way to the tombs of the wealthy. It is a fact that music was a basic part of the religious services of this ancient state and it was associated with a number of gods to whom it was dedicated. Music was used by the priests to set the mood for the people to worship the gods and the fact that these gods were worshiped using music meant that the temple musicians held an esteemed place in the society. The ability of the priests to make use of music in religious ceremonies ensured that the music of worship was completely improved by the temple musicians so that it was not only used for religious purposes, but temple music also developed into an art form. Such gods as Hathor and Bes tended to be associated with music and this was despite the fact that they were also associated with childbirth, fertility, and dance and this made them extremely important to musicians.
All of the major known classifications of musical instruments were well represented in ancient Egypt and these were used in diverse occasions, depending on the event as well as the people who used them. Among the percussion instruments that were used by the ancient Egyptians included hand-held drums, rattles, castanets, bells, and the sistrum (Lawergren 101). The last was a very significant rattle that was used in religious worship and it is because of this that in most cases, the sistrum was found in the possession of temple musicians (Krogh and Brooke 167). It is for this reason that the sistrum was mostly represented as being in the possession of temple musicians in the illustrations that
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For most of them, dreams held a significant place in their memories and they sought guidance or some sort of message from the dreams they had. “The dream is culturally embedded, part of a system of symbols. It may, biologically, be linked with cycles of arousal that are part of a mammalian pattern that precede the development of a cerebral cortex sufficiently complex to make culture possible; but the meaning attributed to it by a culture may ignore arousal and emphasize external message from the gods.” (Parman 2) Dreams may also symbolize good or bad meanings.
When one sees an ancient Egyptian art, he or she could observe the stiff portrayal of the characters involved. The bodies and objects are in one position. It is as if they were fixed in an area when they were drawn by the Egyptian artist. One could think that the positioning of the characters was done for a strict reason.
(Janson 48) Nowadays, when analyzing various art movements it is helpful to break up major art eras into halves or sub-periods for the reason that many changes occur within their span. However, because Egyptian art has changed little throughout its history it is usually looked at as a whole.
Ancient Egyptian religion depended primarily on sets of complex rituals and polytheistic beliefs that were the essence of ancient Egyptian society. This religion centered specifically on the interaction of Egyptians with a number of deities who were believed to be benevolent, controlling the forces and elements of nature.
In ancient Egyptian art, portraits of nature objects and human beings were frequently used to deliver various messages. To preserve these statues and constructions, Egyptian artists used hard materials that could stay for a long period (Zivie-Coche & Lorton 15).
Situated near the Nile River, the early Egyptian settlers relied mainly on the river to subsist. The river traverses ancient Egypt from Central Africa and merges with the Mediterranean Sea at the triangular area called the Nile delta. The surrounding area near the delta was known as Lower Egypt while the area to the south is Upper Egypt (4).
Ancient Egypt is one of the countries that have rich history concerning sculpture and paintings. This research will portray the function of Egyptian arts as they preserve the present to be clear and permanent as much as possible. Similarly, this research paper will show other forms of arts, which represent extra ordinary time, and life that was lived in thousand years ago in Egypt.
Most of the people know Egypt due to one of the wonders of the world “pyramids”. It is better to know about the roots of religion Egypt possess in ancient times. This religion affected social and moral lives of Egyptian people. More convenient to say, the whole civilization Egypt was based on religious concepts people had in ancient times.
The Egyptian currency is in pounds. The city that mainly consists of foreigners in Egypt is Cairo (Cunningham and Reich, 6). Cairo is also one of the overcrowded cities of Egypt.
The communities of Egypt are considered to be one of the
(Tignor 13). The pre-dynastic periods of the region hold as much history as the post dynastic period of the region. The entire origin and establishment of the Egyptian civilization originates from the establishment of the Nile Valley as
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