The generally accepted definition of life expectancy at birth is the “average number of years” a newborn is expected to live if he or she were to survive life, which is subject to “age-specific mortality rates” of a particular period (United Nations, 2000, p. 45). The…
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Statistics reveal that life expectancy at birth, presently, has increased so much that on an average, it “exceeds 79 years” across the OECD, with a “nine year gap” between Japan and Turkey, the countries with highest and lowest life expectancy respectively (OECD, 2011, p. 78). This difference in the level of increase in life expectancy in developed and developing countries is a result of the varied factors and conditions present in both categories of countries. However, extensive studies that have been conducted over the past several years have identified that medical innovation, with respect to advancements in medicines and treatment, is the main reason behind increase in life expectancy in both developed and developing countries.
Contrary to popular notion that growth in income level or income inequality affects life expectancy, OECD social indicators have evidenced that between the “mid-80s and mid-2000s,” there is “no relationship” between increasing life expectancy and income growth or between “rising” life expectancy and income inequality changes (OECD, 2011, p. 79). Furthermore, lower “infant mortality rates” and the fact of older people being able to live “longer” have characterized the increase in life expectancy, and this has been possible only due to the various medical innovations that took place over the past decades. Thus, this underlines the fact that medical innovation is directly responsible for the increase in life expectancy not only by decreasing infant mortality rates, but also by prolonging life of aged people. For instance, death rates arising from “coronary heart diseases” in the US have declined by “three-fourths” since the 1960s, cancer survival rate has increased from “49%” to “67%” and deaths from HIV/AIDS have decreased by an astounding “80%” (Lilly USA, LLC, 2012, p. 2). However, in order to
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The author states that the first formula is the use of arithmetic mean to obtain the experience of individuals of a cohort. The use of arithmetic mean is attainable through the use of various data that include mortality rates, birth rates. It means that individual life expectancies should be obtained in order to obtain their mean or average.
World Health Organization (WHO) has always been forefront in preparing reports about the healthy life expectancy of different members of the WHO. It is noteworthy that healthy life expectancy varies across different nations. For instance, according to the report by WHO, healthy life expectancy of male African at birth range from 40 years to 70 years for females in developed nations (Mathers, et al.).
In terms of abortion rates, infant mortality rates, literacy rates and life expectancy, China has to cede to America. An affluent economy with thriving business, China also has another side: its dire poverty, Chinese health has been risked because of the culture, traditional practices, state of institutions and laws.
This essay explores the increased chances of surviving in childhood and how much it has changed between the past and now. Also, it talks about education and how it has affected the life expectancy and expounds on contributions of improved medication and healthcare to increased life expectancy as well as good environmental conditions.
On the other hand those who did not save enough or had lot of responsibilities throughout their lives have to work hard even during the post retirement phase to meet their financial burden.
With the increase in life expectancy, the
However, it is not all people who live up to hundred. Invariably, different people living in different parts of the world have an average number of years they live. This average is known as life expectancy. According to the Australian Institute of Health and
As the paper, Low Life Expectancy in the Developing World, stresses life expectancy is only an expectation; not a scientific fact. In normal cases, when life expectancy of a country increases, it means that the country is growing or the health care services provided to the people or the economic conditions of the people are growing.
If one does not take a balanced diet and does not exercise, many problems and illnesses can take place. For example, taking too much of fatty food can make you obese which in turn will give birth to many problems such as high blood pressure and high
s the name implies, life expectancy is a quantitative measurement that is responsible for ascertaining an average life span that an individual within a specific region or demographic is “expected” to experience; based upon available data points and averages that have been
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